Advertisement

Folia Geobotanica

, Volume 53, Issue 4, pp 449–455 | Cite as

Thalictrum nainitalense (Ranunculaceae), a new species from the Uttarakhand Himalaya, India

  • Harsh SinghEmail author
  • Alka Srivastava
  • Amit Kumar
  • Velusamy Sundaresan
  • Tariq Husain
Article

Abstract

The genus Thalictrum (Ranunculaceae), commonly known as meadow rue, comprises 200 species throughout the world and there are 25 taxa growing in India. While revising the genus in India, we came across a new species collected in Nainital in the Uttarakhand Himalaya. The new species, Thalictrum nainitalense, is differentiated from its closely allied species T. punduanum in its habitat preference for moist shaded stands in Rhododendron arboreum and Quercus oblongata forests, creamy-white flowers, the size of the sepals and stamens, and fusiform, stipitate, hairy achenes. A line drawing, colour plates and a key to the species found in the Uttarakhand Himalaya are provided to aid identification. The status of Thalictrum nainitalense as a species new to science is supported by morphological and molecular data.

Keywords

Ranunculaceae New species Thalictrum nainitalense Phylogeny 

References

  1. Boivin B (1944) American Thalictra and their old world allies. Rhodora 46:337–377Google Scholar
  2. De Candolle AP (1817) Ranunculaceae. Reg Veg Syst Nat 1:127–548Google Scholar
  3. Drummond AJ, Ashton B, Buxton S, Cheung M, Cooper A, Heled J, Kearse M, Moir R, Stones-Havas S, Sturrock S, Thierer T, Wilson A (2010) Geneious, version 6.1.8. Available at http://www.geneious.com
  4. Emura KMH (1972) Cytotaxonomical studies on the genus Thalictrum in Eurasia with special reference to Japanese species. J Fac Sci Univ Tokyo, Sect 3, Bot 11:93–135Google Scholar
  5. Fu D-Z, Zhu G (2001) Thalictrum L In Wu ZY, Raven PH (ed) Flora of China, vol. 6. Science Press, Beijing & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, pp 289–311Google Scholar
  6. Hickey M and King CJ (1965) 100 families of flowering plants. Cambridge University Press, USA, pp 199Google Scholar
  7. Hooker JD (1875) Ranunculaceae-Sapindaceae, vol. I. London: L. Reev & Co., 5, Henrietta street, Convent garden, 10–14Google Scholar
  8. Jain SK, Rao RR (1977) A handbook of field and herbarium methods. Today and Tomorrow's Printers and PublishersGoogle Scholar
  9. Lecoyer JC (1885) Monographie du genre Thalictrum. Bull Soc Roy Bot Belgique 24:78–324Google Scholar
  10. Li J-Y, Xie L and Li L-Q (2015) A new species of Thalictrum (Ranunculaceae) from southern Tibet (Xizang), China. Phytotaxa 207:281–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Linnaeus C (1753) Species plantarum. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae, Vol. 1. pp 545–547Google Scholar
  12. Prantl K (1887) Beitrage zur Morphologie und Systematik der Ranunculacean. Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 9:225–273Google Scholar
  13. Rambaut A (2014) FigTreev1.4.2. Edinburgh: University of EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  14. Rau MA (1993) Ranunculaceae. In Sharma BD, Balakrishnan NP, Rao RR and Hajra PK (ed) Flora of India Vol 1. Botanical survey of India. Calcutta, pp 132–143Google Scholar
  15. Santapau H and Henry AN (1973) A dictionary of flowering plants in India. New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  16. Singh H, Srivastava A, Husain T (2017) Notes on Thalictrum L. (Ranunculaceae) from Indian Himalayas with some ethnobotanical uses. J Biodivers Managem Forest 5:3Google Scholar
  17. Soza VL, Brunet J, Liston A, Smith PS, Stilio VSD (2012) Phylogenetic insights into the correlates of dioecy in meadow-rues (Thalictrum, Ranunculaceae). Molec Phylogen Evol 63:180–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Stamatakis A (2014) RAxML version 8: a tool for phylogenetic analyses and post-analyses of large phylogenies. Bioinformatics 30:1312–1313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Stamatakis A, Hoover P, Rougemont J (2008) A rapid bootstrap algorithm for the RaxML web servers. Syst Biol 57:758–771CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Tamura M (1968) Morphology, ecology and phylogeny of the Ranunculaceae VIII. Sci Rep S Coll N Coll Osaka Univ 17:41–56Google Scholar
  21. Tamura M (1995) Ranunculaceae. In Hiepko P (eds) Engler’s die naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien. Berlin, Duncker & Humblot, pp 223–497Google Scholar
  22. Wang WT, Wang SH (1979) Thalictrum L. In Anonymous (eds) Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae Vol. 27, Science Press, Beijing, pp 502–592Google Scholar
  23. White TJ, Bruns T, Lee S, Taylor J (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: PCR Protocols: a guide to methods and applications. (Innis MA, Gelfand DH, Sninsky JJ, White TJ, eds). Academic Press, New York, USA: 315–322Google Scholar
  24. Ziman SN, Keener CS (1989) A geographical analysis of the family Ranunculaceae. Ann Missouri Bot Gard 76:1012–1049CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harsh Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alka Srivastava
    • 1
  • Amit Kumar
    • 2
  • Velusamy Sundaresan
    • 2
  • Tariq Husain
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of LucknowLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of Plant Biology and SystematicsCSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Research CentreBangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Plant Diversity, Systematics and Herbarium DivisionCSIR-National Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia

Personalised recommendations