Characterization of survival and stress resistance in S. cerevisiae mutants affected in peroxisome inheritance and proliferation, Δinp1 and Δpex11
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Baker’s yeast is a valuable model system for the study of biological aging as it can be utilized for the measurement of replicative and chronological life spans in response to interventions. Whereas replicative aging in Saccharomyces cerevisiae mirrors dividing mammalian cells, chronological aging is seen in non-dividing cells. Aging is strongly influenced by the cellular organelles, especially by mitochondria which house essential functions like oxidative phosphorylation. Additionally, peroxisomes were shown to modulate the aging process, mainly by their turnover of reactive oxygen species. There is a fundamental interest in understanding how mitochondria and peroxisomes contribute to cellular aging. This work analyzes chronological aging in yeast mutants that are affected in peroxisomal proliferation and inheritance. Deletion of INP1 (retention of peroxisomes in the mother cell) or PEX11 (division of peroxisomes) leads to clearly reduced life spans compared to the wild-type control under conditions which depend on peroxisomal metabolism. Δinp1 cells are long-lived in contrast to the wild type and Δpex11 when assayed under conditions that not necessitate peroxisome function. Neither treatment affects the index of respiratory capacity, indicating fully functional mitochondria. Evaluation of stress resistances reveals that Δinp1 has significantly higher resistance to the apoptosis elicitor acetic acid. Old Δpex11 cells from an oleate culture are more susceptible to hydrogen peroxide treatment compared to Δinp1 and the wild type. Finally, aged cells are hyper-sensitive to heat shock treatment in contrast to young cells.
This work was financially supported by CINVESTAV, Mexico.
Compliance with ethical standards
The author declares that he has no competing interests.
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