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Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 20, Issue 11, pp 2334–2341 | Cite as

The Application of Atmospheric Plasma for Cotton Fabric Desizing

  • Xuemei Wang
  • Hongmei Zhao
  • Fuxing Chen
  • Xin Ning
  • Shaojuan Chen
  • Qunli Guan
  • Shouxiang Jiang
  • Dagang MiaoEmail author
Article
  • 28 Downloads

Abstract

Production process of cotton fabric involves numerous water and chemical consumptions, causing serious energy waste and environmental problem. In this study, a waterless atmospheric plasma treatment (APT) was applied on cotton fabric to desize the starch coated in the weaving process. Plasma parameters, i.e., plasma voltage, plasma duty cycle and oxygen flow rate, are varied in order to systematically evaluate their influence on fabric physical properties such as the impurity removal, whiteness, capillary effect, tensile strength and breaking elongation of fabric. Optimal plasma parameters for oxygen APT were determined, with plasma voltage of 320 V, plasma duty cycle of 60 % and oxygen flow rate of 1000 l/h. The APT desizing method attained comparable fabric performances with the traditional amylase desizing method. The results were further supported by the scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier transfer infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) investigations.

Keywords

Atmospheric plasma treatment Cotton fabric Desizing Physical properties of fabric 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xuemei Wang
    • 1
  • Hongmei Zhao
    • 2
  • Fuxing Chen
    • 1
  • Xin Ning
    • 1
  • Shaojuan Chen
    • 1
  • Qunli Guan
    • 2
  • Shouxiang Jiang
    • 3
  • Dagang Miao
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Industrial Research Institute of Nonwovens and Technical Textiles, College of Textiles and ClothingQingdao UniversityQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Department of ProsthodonticsThe Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao UniversityQingdaoChina
  3. 3.Institute of Textiles and ClothingThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong KongChina

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