Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 20, Issue 10, pp 2017–2024 | Cite as

Superhydrophobic-Superoleophilic SiO2/Polystyrene Porous Micro/nanofibers for Efficient Oil-Water Separation

  • Yadan Ding
  • Dan Xu
  • Hong Shao
  • Tie Cong
  • Xia HongEmail author
  • Huiying ZhaoEmail author


SiO2/polystyrene porous micro/nanofibers with superhydrophobic and superoleophilic properties were prepared by facile electrospinning method. The spindle-beads-on-string structured fibers were found to be more hydrophobic than those without the beads. The doping of nano-SiO2 endowed the fibers with porous structure, and thus further increased the water contact angle from 139° to 153°. Simultaneously, the oil contact angle of 0° was obtained. The superhydrophobic-superoleophilic micro/nanofibers could selectively absorb oil from water within eight seconds. The oil sorption process followed pseudo-first order kinetic model. The absorption mechanism was proved to be physical encapsulation by Fourier transform infrared technique. The maximum sorption capacity for highly viscous silicone oil was up to 122.7 g/g. It is higher than many recently reported values. The porous micro/nanofibers exhibit significant value in oil-water separation.


Superhydrophobic Superoleophilic Micro/nanofibers Porosity Oil-water separation 


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This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants No. 11604043 and 51772122), Scientific and Technological Developing Scheme of Jilin Province (No. 20190201243JC), Thirteenth Five-Year Science and Technology Research Project of Education Department of Jilin Province (No. JJKH20170910KJ), and Project funded by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2017M611294).

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material, approximately 7.15 MB.


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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of UV-Emitting Materials and Technology (Northeast Normal UniversityMinistry of EducationChangchunChina
  2. 2.School Petroleum and Chemical EngineeringDalian University of TechnologyPanjinChina
  3. 3.Department of Basic Medicine, Gerontology Department of First Bethune HospitalUniversity of JilinChangchun, JilinChina

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