Advertisement

Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 20, Issue 10, pp 2017–2024 | Cite as

Superhydrophobic-Superoleophilic SiO2/Polystyrene Porous Micro/nanofibers for Efficient Oil-Water Separation

  • Yadan Ding
  • Dan Xu
  • Hong Shao
  • Tie Cong
  • Xia HongEmail author
  • Huiying ZhaoEmail author
Article
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

SiO2/polystyrene porous micro/nanofibers with superhydrophobic and superoleophilic properties were prepared by facile electrospinning method. The spindle-beads-on-string structured fibers were found to be more hydrophobic than those without the beads. The doping of nano-SiO2 endowed the fibers with porous structure, and thus further increased the water contact angle from 139° to 153°. Simultaneously, the oil contact angle of 0° was obtained. The superhydrophobic-superoleophilic micro/nanofibers could selectively absorb oil from water within eight seconds. The oil sorption process followed pseudo-first order kinetic model. The absorption mechanism was proved to be physical encapsulation by Fourier transform infrared technique. The maximum sorption capacity for highly viscous silicone oil was up to 122.7 g/g. It is higher than many recently reported values. The porous micro/nanofibers exhibit significant value in oil-water separation.

Keywords

Superhydrophobic Superoleophilic Micro/nanofibers Porosity Oil-water separation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants No. 11604043 and 51772122), Scientific and Technological Developing Scheme of Jilin Province (No. 20190201243JC), Thirteenth Five-Year Science and Technology Research Project of Education Department of Jilin Province (No. JJKH20170910KJ), and Project funded by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2017M611294).

Supplementary material

12221_2019_9040_MOESM1_ESM.mp4 (7.2 mb)
Supplementary material, approximately 7.15 MB.

References

  1. 1.
    J. Pan, C. Xiao, Q. Huang, H. Liu, and T. Zhang, J. Membr. Sci., 524, 623 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Obaid, H. O. Mohamed, A. S. Yasin, M. A. Yassin, O. A. Fadali, H. Kim, and N. A. M. Barakat, Water Res., 123, 524 (2017).PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. Narayanan, A. Ravirajan, A. Umasankaran, D. G. Prakash, and P. S. Kumar, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 63, 1 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. M. Radetić, D. M. Jocić, P. M. Jovanč ić, Z. L. Petrović, and H. F. Thomas, Environ. Sci. Technol., 37, 1008 (2003).PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Bayat, S. F. Aghamiri, A. Moheb, and G. R. Vakili-Nezhaad, Chem. Eng. Technol., 28, 1525 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. O. Adebajo, R. L. Frost, J. T. Kloprogge, O. Carmody, and S. Kokot, J. Porous Mater., 10, 159 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    W. Zhang, Z. Shi, F. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Jin, and L. Jiang, Adv. Mater., 25, 2071 (2013).PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    C. Zhou, Z. Chen, H. Yang, K. Hou, X. Zeng, Y. Zheng, and J. Cheng, ACS Appl. Mater. Interf., 9, 9184 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y. Jin, P. Jiang, Q. Ke, F. Cheng, Y. Zhu, and Y. Zhang, J. Hazard. Mater., 300, 175 (2015).PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    K. Hou, Y. Zeng, C. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Wen, S. Xu, J. Cheng, and P. Pi, Chem. Eng. J., 332, 150 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    K. He, H. Duan, G. Y. Chen, X. Liu, W. Yang, and D. Wang, ACS Nano, 9, 9188 (2015).PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. Liang, C. Wang, H. Wang, H. Zhan, and X. Meng, Fiber. Polym., 19, 1828 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Q. Ma, H. Cheng, A. G. Fane, R. Wang, and H. Zhang, Small, 12, 2186 (2016).PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    B. Wang, Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, J. H. Xin, and L. Zhang, Adv. Mater. Interf., 2, 1500234 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    C. Duan, T. Zhu, J. Guo, Z. Wang, X. Liu, H. Wang, X. Xu, Y. Jin, N. Zhao, and J. Xu, ACS Appl. Mater. Interf., 7, 10475 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    S. Qiu, M. Xue, and G. Zhu, Chem. Soc. Rev., 43, 6116 (2014).PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. Nardecchia, D. Carriazo, M. L. Ferrer, M. C. Gutierrez, and F. del Monte, Chem. Soc. Rev., 42, 794 (2013).PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Z. Chu, Y. Feng, and S. Seeger, Angew. Chem. Int. Edit., 54, 2328 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    X. Wang, J. Yu, G. Sun, and B. Ding, Mater. Today, 19, 403 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    M.-J. Chang, X.-J. Chai, W.-N. Cui, and J. Liu, Fiber. Polym., 19, 760 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. Wang, Y. Li, X. Fei, M. Sun, C. Zhang, Y. Li, Q. Yang, and X. Hong, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 359, 380 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    B. J. Privett, J. Youn, S. A. Hong, J. Lee, J. Han, J. H. Shin, and M. H. Schoenfisch, Langmuir, 27, 9597 (2011).PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Y.-C. Sheen, Y.-C. Huang, C.-S. Liao, H.-Y. Chou, and F.-C. Chang, J. Polym. Sci. Pol. Phys., 46, 1984 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    K.-M. Lee, H. Park, J. Kim, and D.-M. Chun, Appl. Surf. Sci., 467, 979 (2019).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. B. Gurav, Q. Xu, S. S. Latthe, R. S. Vhatkar, S. Liu, H. Yoon, and S. S. Yoon, Ceram. Int., 41, 3017 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    W. Ming, D. Wu, R. van Benthem, and G. de With, Nano Lett., 5, 2298 (2005).PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    N. Zhan, Y. Li, C. Zhang, Y. Song, H. Wang, L. Sun, Q. Yang, and X. Hong, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 345, 491 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    B. Ding, H.-Y. Kim, S.-C. Lee, D.-R. Lee, and K.-J. Choi, Fiber. Polym., 3, 73 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    H. Fong, I. Chun, and D. H. Reneker, Polymer, 40, 4585 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Y. Su, X. Yan, A. Wang, J. Fei, Y. Cui, Q. He, and J. Li, J. Mater Chem., 20, 6734 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    S. Wang, K. Liu, X. Yao, and L. Jiang, Chem. Rev., 115, 8230 (2015).PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    R. N. Wenzel, Ind. Eng. Chem., 28, 988 (1936).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Z. Li, B. Wang, X. Qin, Y. Wang, C. Liu, Q. Shao, N. Wang, J. Zhang, Z. Wang, C. Shen, and Z. Guo, ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng., 6, 13747 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Y. Pang, S. Wang, M. Wu, W. Liu, F. Wu, P. C. Lee, and W. Zheng, Polym. Adv. Technol., 29, 1313 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    J. Wu, N. Wang, L. Wang, H. Dong, Y. Zhao, and L. Jiang, ACS Appl. Mater Interf., 4, 3207 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    L. Wu, L. Li, B. Li, J. Zhang, and A. Wang, ACS Appl. Mater Interf., 7, 4936 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    P. Viet Hung and J. H. Dickerson, ACS Appl. Mater. Interf., 6, 14181 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    A. Turco, C. Malitesta, G. Barillaro, A. Greco, A. Maffezzoli, and E. Mazzotta, J. Mater Chem. A, 3, 17685 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    J. Wang, G. Geng, X. Liu, F. Han, and J. Xu, Chem. Eng. Res. Des., 115, 122 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    J. H. R. Leyva, A. Hethnawi, G. Vitale, and N. N. Nassar, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 57, 13065 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    T. Zhang, B. Gu, F. Qiu, X. Peng, X. Yue, and D. Yang, Fiber. Polym., 19, 2195 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    S. Zhou, W. Jiang, T. Wang, and Y. Lu, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 54, 5460 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    T. G. M. Robert F. Johnson, and James E. Halligan, Environ. Sci. Technol., 7, 439 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    H. Zhu, S. Qiu, W. Jiang, D. Wu, and C. Zhang, Environ. Sci. Technol., 45, 4527 (2011).PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of UV-Emitting Materials and Technology (Northeast Normal UniversityMinistry of EducationChangchunChina
  2. 2.School Petroleum and Chemical EngineeringDalian University of TechnologyPanjinChina
  3. 3.Department of Basic Medicine, Gerontology Department of First Bethune HospitalUniversity of JilinChangchun, JilinChina

Personalised recommendations