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Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 20, Issue 11, pp 2376–2382 | Cite as

A Novel Natural Dye Derivative for Natural Fabric Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Dyeing Technology

  • Jinsong Wu
  • Hongjuan ZhaoEmail author
  • Mingyue Wang
  • Weiru Zhi
  • Xiaoqing Xiong
  • Laijiu ZhengEmail author
Article
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

The supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) dyeing technology is a green dyeing technology, and the usage of natural dye makes SC-CO2 dyeing technology safer and more environment-friendly. Nevertheless, after using natural dye in SC-CO2 dyeing, the color depth and fastness of dyed natural fabric are poor. In this study, alkyl and hydroxyalkyl groups were grafted onto alizarin, which is a natural dye, to elevate the color depths and fastness of alizarin-derivative-dyed natural fabric. The results demonstrate that the color depths of alkyl-alizarin-dyed and hydroxyalkyl-alizarin-dyed natural fabrics were increased. This has to do with the increase in the solubilities of alkyl alizarin and hydroxyalkyl alizarin in SC-CO2. The hydroxybutyl-alizarin-dyed wool displayed the best color depth (K/S value: 6.44). And the hydroxyalkyl-alizarin-dyed natural fabric showed good washing fastness and rubbing fastness (about 4–5 level), because that hydroxyalkyl alizarin could be linked by a covalent bond to the natural fabric.

Keywords

Hydroxyalkyl alizarin Alkyl alizarin Supercritical carbon dioxide Dyeing Natural fabric 

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Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China [grant number 21706021] and the National Natural Science Foundation of China [grant number 21606032].

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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Ecological TextileDalian Polytechnic UniversityDalianChina

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