Advertisement

Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 138–146 | Cite as

Mechanical Properties of Multiscale Graphene Oxide/Basalt Fiber/Epoxy Composites

  • Nahid Jamali
  • Hamed KhosraviEmail author
  • Alireza Rezvani
  • Esmaeil Tohidlou
Article

Abstract

This work was carried out to study the effects of silane functionalization of graphene oxide (GO) nanoplatelets and their loadings on the mechanical properties of basalt fiber (BF)/epoxy composites. At first, the GO nanoplatelets were organically modified by grafting of N-(3-trimethoxysilylpropyl)ethylenediamine (3-TMSPED) compound. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) results demonstrated that silane compound can be covalently grafted to the surface of GO. The multiscale silanized graphene oxide (SGO)/BF/epoxy composites with various weight percentages of SGO in the matrix (0-0.5 wt.% in the step of 0.1) were fabricated. According to the experimental data, the 0.4 wt.% SGO-filled composite showed the maximum improvement by 18 %, 59 %, and 61 % in the tensile, flexural and compressive strengths of BF/epoxy composite, while the maximum improvement by 46 %, 54 %, and 66 % in the tensile, flexural and compressive moduli, respectively was observed for the 0.5 wt.% SGO-filled composite. Additionally, the SGO was more effective in mechanical property enhancement of fibrous composites in comparison with GO, due to its silane-functionalization. From the fracture surface examination of the specimens, it was found that the incorporation of GO or SGO improved the BF-epoxy interfacial bonding. A theoretical model based on Euler-Bernoulli beam-based method was utilized to predict the compressive properties of composites, which was in an excellent agreement with the experimental data.

Keywords

Multiscale composites Basalt fiber Graphene oxide Silane functionalization Mechanical properties 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. R. Sanjay, G. R. Arpitha, and B. Yogesha, Mater. Today: Proceeding, 2, 2959 (2015).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. K. Mallick, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC, 2007.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    X. Chen, Y. Zhang, H. Huo, and Z. Wu, Fiber. Polym., 18, 1796 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. J. Lee, I. Nam, and H. Kim, Fiber. Polym., 18, 140 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. M. R.R. Khalili, V. Daghigh, and R. Eslami-Farsani, J. Reinf. Plast. Compos., 30, 647 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    V. Lopresto, C. Leone, and D. Iorio, Compos. Pt. B-Eng., 42, 717 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. Eslami-Farsani, S. M. R. R. Khalili, V. Daghigh, and R. Fazaeli, J. Mech. Res. Appl., 3, 29 (2011).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    C. Colombo, L. Vergani, and M. Burman, Compos. Struct., 94, 1165 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    W. Chen, H. Hao, M. Jong, J. Cui, Y. Shi, L. Chen, and T. M. Pham, Compos. Pt. B-Eng., 125, 123 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    F. Azimpour Shishevan, H. Akbulut, and M. A. Mohtadi-Bonab, J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 26, 2890 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    G. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Wu, Z. Dong, and G. Zhang, J. Compos. Mater., 49, 873 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    V. Fiore, T. Scalici, and G. Di Bella, Compos. Pt. B-Eng., 74, 74 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. Dhand, G. Mittal, K. Y. Rhee, S. J. Park, and D. Hui, Compos. Pt. B-Eng., 73, 166 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. K. Yadav, S. S. Mahapatra, J. W. Cho, H. C. Park, and J. Y. Lee, Fiber. Polym., 10, 756 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Z. Hedayatnasab, R. Eslami-Farsani, S. M. R. R. Khalili, and N. Soleimani, Fiber. Polym., 14, 1650 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    S. Rana, R. Alagirusamy, and M. Joshi, Int. J. Plast. Technol., 14, 224 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. E. An, G. Woo, J. Young, and G. Jeong, Fiber. Polym., 13, 507 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. Abdi, R. Eslami-Farsani, and H. Khosravi, Fiber. Polym., 19, 635 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Jacob, K. K. Suma, J. M. Mendez, and K. E. George, Mater. Sci. Eng. B, 168, 245 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. Mohanty and V. K. Srivastava, Fiber. Polym., 16, 188 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    J. Wei, T. Vo, and F. Inam, RSC Adv., 5, 73510 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. Gantayat, D. Rout, and S. K. Swain, Polym. Plast. Technol. Eng., 57, 1 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    K. Nawaz, M. Ayub, N. Ul-Haq, M. B. Khan, M. B. K. K. Niazi, and A. Hussain, Polym. Compos., 37, 1572 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. A. King, D. R. Klimek, I. Miskioglu, and G. M. Odegard, J. Compos. Mater., 49, 659 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. G. Prolongo, C. Salom, A. M. Sanchez-Cabezudo, M. Sanchez-Cabezudo, R. M. Masegosa, and S. G. Prolongo, J. Therm. Anal. Calorim., 125, 629 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. P. Yang, G. Yang, G. Xu, and S. Y. Fu, Compos. Sci. Technol., 67, 2934 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. J. Park, B. J. Kim, D. I. Seo, K. Y. Rhee, and Y. Y. Lyu, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 526, 74 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. K. Kim, J. T. Kim, H. C. Kim, K. Y. Rhee, and J. Kathi, J. Macromol. Sci. Pt. B-Phys., 51, 358 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    M. Theodore, M. Hosur, J. Thomas, and S. Jeelani, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 528, 1192 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    X. Wang, W. Xing, P. Zhang, L. Song, H. Yang, and Y. Hu, Compos. Sci. Technol., 72, 737 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    J. H. Lee, K. Y. Rhee, and S. J. Park, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 527, 6838 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    F. Xin and L. Li, J. Compos. Mater., 46, 3267 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    S. S. Du, F. Li, H. M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, N. Hu, and S. Y. Fu, Compos. Pt. B-Eng., 99, 407 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    C. Y. Lee, J. H. Bae, T. Y. Kim, S. H. Chang, and S. Y. Kim, Compos. Pt. A-Appl. Sci. Manuf., 75, 11 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    X. Zhang, X. Fan, C. Yan, H. Li, Y. Zhu, X. Li, and L. Yu, ACS Appl. Mater. Interf., 4, 1543 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    A. Ashori, H. Rahmani, and R. Bahrami, Polym. Test., 48, 82 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    A. K. Pathak, M. Borah, A. Gupta, T. Yokozekic, and S. R. Dhakate, Compos. Sci. Technol., 135, 28 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    R. K. Prusty, S. K. Ghosh, D. K. Rathore, and B. C. Ray, Compos. Pt. A-Appl. Sci. Manuf., 95, 40 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    A. Shahrabi-Farahani and R. Eslami-Farsani, Fiber. Polym., 18, 965 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    H. Khosravi and R. Eslami-Farsani, J. Reinf. Plast. Compos., 35, 421 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    H. Khosravi and R. Eslami-Farsani, J. Comput. Appl. Res. Mech. Eng., 7, 99 (2017).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    F. Mujika, N. Carbajal, A. Arrese, and I. Mondragon, Polym. Test., 25, 766 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    H. Khosravi and R. Eslami-Farsani, Polym. Test., 55, 135 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    N. Jamali, A. Rezvani, H. Khosravi, and E. Tohidlou, Polym. Compos., doi:10.1002/pc.24766 (2018).Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    S. Shan, X. Chen, Z. Xi, X. Yu, X. Qu, and Q. Zhang, High Perform. Polym., 29, 113 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    S. Pourhashem, A. Rashidi, M. R. Vaezi, and M. R. Bagherzadeh, Surf. Coat. Technol., 317, 1 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    C. Wang, Y. Lan, X. Li, W. Yu, and Y. Qian, High Perform. Polym., 28, 800 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    B. Ahmadi-Moghadam, M. Sharafimasooleh, S. Shadlou, and F. Taheri, Mater. Des., 66, 142 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    H. Khosravi and R. Eslami-Farsani, Polym. Compos., 39, E677 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    L. X. Gong, L. L. Hu, J. Zang, Y. B. Pei, L. Zhao, and L. C. Tang, Fiber. Polym., 16, 2056 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    A. K. Subramaniyan and C. T. Sun, Compos. Pt. A-Appl. Sci. Manuf., 37, 2257 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nahid Jamali
    • 1
  • Hamed Khosravi
    • 2
    Email author
  • Alireza Rezvani
    • 1
  • Esmaeil Tohidlou
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Sistan and BaluchestanZahedanIran
  2. 2.Department of Materials Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of Sistan and BaluchestanZahedanIran

Personalised recommendations