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Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 1–10 | Cite as

Enhanced Structural Stability and Controlled Drug Release of Hydrophilic Antibiotic-Loaded Alginate/Soy Protein Isolate Core-Sheath Fibers for Tissue Engineering Applications

  • Piyachat Chuysinuan
  • Chalinan Pengsuk
  • Kriengsak Lirdprapamongkol
  • Supanna Techasakul
  • Jisnuson Svasti
  • Patcharakamon NooeaidEmail author
Article

Abstract

Tissue engineering involves a multifunctional temporary matrix which regulates tissue regeneration through controlled drug release against infections. A nanofibrous core-sheath structured scaffold comprising a tetracycline-loaded alginate/soy protein isolate (TCH-Alg/SPI) as a core and polycaprolactone (PCL) as a sheath was developed using co-axial electrospinning. Coverage of hydrophobic PCL on TCH-Alg/SPI fibers enhanced their structural stability in aqueous solutions as unsheathed fibers rapidly decomposed and provided fast drug release. Core-sheath fibers exhibited an initial burst release at ~49 % after 6 h of immersion in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) solution and the sustain release reached ~80 % of total loaded drug on day 14. Release characteristics of TCH-Alg/SPI fibers without PCL covering showed immediate drug release within 48 h. Core-sheath fibers investigated by disk diffusion exhibited antibacterial properties against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. The non-toxicity of core-sheath fibers was confirmed by an indirect cytotoxicity test using human dermal fibroblasts which showed compatibility and high cell viability of up to 100 % in treated cells. TCH-Alg/SPI-PCL core-sheath fibers show promise as tissue engineering scaffolds which can act as temporary templates for tissue regeneration and exhibit antibiotic release functions against infections caused by pathogenic microorganisms.

Keywords

Core-sheath fibers Co-axial electrospinning Drug release Tissue engineering Antibacterial property 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Piyachat Chuysinuan
    • 1
  • Chalinan Pengsuk
    • 2
  • Kriengsak Lirdprapamongkol
    • 3
  • Supanna Techasakul
    • 1
  • Jisnuson Svasti
    • 3
  • Patcharakamon Nooeaid
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Organic SynthesisChulabhorn Research InstituteBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Division of Biotechnology and Agricultural Products, Faculty of Agricultural Product Innovation and TechnologySrinakharinwirot UniversityNakhon-NayokThailand
  3. 3.Laboratory of BiochemistryChulabhorn Research InstituteBangkokThailand
  4. 4.Division of Polymer Materials Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Product Innovation and TechnologySrinakharinwirot UniversityNakhon-NayokThailand

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