Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 51–56 | Cite as

Permanent Water Repellent Chemical Modification of Cotton Fabric with Reagents Containing Aromatic Rings

  • Xueyang Liu
  • Guang Yang
  • Vitali LipikEmail author


In this work, reagents with different amounts of aromatic rings were reacted with hydroxyl groups of cotton, aiming for washing stability and water repellency of treated cotton fabric. Different conditions of chemical transformation were considered, including the influence of carbonyl and ester chemical bonds, the quantity of aromatic ring in the reagent, and the properties of obtained cotton fabric. High contact angles were reached with the maximum of 140 o obtained at the usage of chlorotriphenylsilane. Six reagents used for cotton treatment have shown excellent washing stability, and their contact angles expressed the high water repellency of the fabric even after 10 washing cycles. Although mechanical properties of treated fabric were dropped for some samples due to the reduction of hydrogen bonds amount, stiffness of fabric decreased by up to 40 % which means softer fabric. The cotton fabric treated with reagent containing two aromatic rings exhibited the best properties of washing stability and water repellency.


Cotton fabric Water repellent treatment Aromatic-ring reagents Washing durability 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Advanced Synthesis, School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Jiangsu National Synergetic Innovation Center for Advanced MaterialsNanjing Tech UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Institute for Sports ResearchNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.School of Materials Science and EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

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