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Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 19, Issue 12, pp 2604–2611 | Cite as

Improvement of Mechanical Properties of Pineapple Leaf Fibers by Mercerization Process

  • Natalia Jaramillo-QuicenoEmail author
  • J. Manuel Vélez R.
  • Edith M. Cadena Ch.
  • Adriana Restrepo-Osorio
  • J. Felipe Santa
Article
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

Pineapple leaf fibers (PALF) were modified by the mercerization process to improve their mechanical properties for applications in composites. The changes in the morphology and mechanical properties of fibers were evaluated after using different conditions (temperature and sodium hydroxide concentration) for the mercerization process. The study was done using X-ray diffraction (XRD), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Mercerization treatments caused a reduction in the diameter of fibers, either due removal of surface impurities, disintegration of middle lamella and/or interfibrillar swelling. Mechanical properties of mercerized fibers were modified. The highest tensile strength was observed when mercerization was done at a temperature of 60 °C and alkali concentration of 3 % wt.

Keywords

Pineapple leaf fiber PALF Mercerization Mechanical properties Morphology 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society, The Korea Science and Technology Center 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalia Jaramillo-Quiceno
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • J. Manuel Vélez R.
    • 2
  • Edith M. Cadena Ch.
    • 3
  • Adriana Restrepo-Osorio
    • 1
  • J. Felipe Santa
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Escuela de IngenieríasUniversidad Pontificia BolivarianaMedellínColombia
  2. 2.Facultad de MinasUniversidad Nacional de ColombiaMedellínColombia
  3. 3.Facultad de Ciencias AgrariasUniversidad Nacional de ColombiaMedellínColombia
  4. 4.Grupo de Materiales Avanzados y Energía -MATyER.Instituto Tecnológico MetropolitanoMedellínColombia

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