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Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 19, Issue 7, pp 1500–1512 | Cite as

Inherently Flame Retardant Nylon 6 Nanocomposite Fibers

  • Hao Wu
  • Mourad Krifa
  • Joseph H. Koo
Article
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, inherently flame retardant nanocomposite nylon 6 fibers infused with nanoclay and intumescent additives were compounded and melt-spun. Two approaches were adopted to mitigate the loss of mechanical properties typically observed nanocomposite fiber systems: (a) additive particle size reduction; and (b) elastomer toughening of the nanocomposite system. As a result, the ductility of the FR nanocomposite formulations was improved significantly. Structural and morphological characterization of the melt-spun fibers using TEM and XRD demonstrated good dispersion of the additives and exfoliation of the nanoclay platelets. Microscale Combustion Calorimetry analysis demonstrated effective reduction of heat release capacity and thus significant enhancement of flame retardant performance of the compounded fibers.

Keywords

Flame retardant fibers Polyamide 6 Combustion Polymer nanocomposite Non-drip nylon 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of Texas at Austin, C2200AustinUSA
  2. 2.Kent State University, FDMKentUSA

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