Microgravity Science and Technology

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 139–150 | Cite as

Distribution Regularity of Dynamic Viscosity Blind Region behind the Bubble in Shear-Thinning Fluids under Different Gravity Levels

  • Minjie Lu
  • Mingjun PangEmail author
  • Jianwei Chao
Original Article


The gas-liquid two-phase flow has been widely applied to the field of space technology, such as thermal energy and power generation, long duration life support systems, transportation for propulsion, etc. (Microgravity Sci. Technol. 21, 175-183 (2009); Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 87-96 (2010); etc.). Through reviewing previous researches, it can be found that a dynamic viscosity blind region (almost not influenced by the shear-thinning effect) appears behind it when one bubble rises in the shear-thinning fluid (J. Non-Newton Fluid. Mech. 165, 555-567 (2010); Phys. Fluids. 29, 033103 (2017), J. Non-Newton. Fluid. Mech. 239, 53 -61 (2017); etc.). As a matter of fact, the occurrence of the viscosity blind region has the important effect on heat and mass transfer between bubble and liquid phases. Therefore, volume of fluid method is implemented to study the formation and evolution mechanisms of the viscosity blind region in the shear-thinning fluid. The results show that the viscosity blind region can be split into two regions, namely the first and the second viscosity blind region. The stronger the gravity level and the shear-thinning effect are, or the smaller the surface tension is, the more easily the viscosity blind region appears in the bubble wake. The viscosity blind region appears much easily in the wake of a skirt bubble under the same conditions. And in the rising process of the bubble, there is a stagnant flow region in the bubble wake, where the shear rate is very small, so the viscosity blind region appears in that region. In addition, the appearance of double wake vortices can split the stagnant flow region into two parts, which leads to the formation of the second viscosity blind region.


Bubble dynamics Gravity level Viscosity blind region Shear-thinning effect 



We gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the NSFC Fund (No. 51376026) and Qinglan Project of Jiangsu province.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors report no conflict of interest and have received no payment in preparation of this manuscript.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringChangzhou UniversityChangzhouChina
  2. 2.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Green Process EquipmentChangzhou UniversityChangzhouChina

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