Microgravity Science and Technology

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 151–160 | Cite as

Modeling and Analysis of Ultra-Low Frequency Dynamics of Drag-Free Satellites

  • Jiaxing Zhou
  • Lei LiuEmail author
  • Zhigang Wang
Original Article


This paper aims at deepening our understanding of the dynamics performance of the drag-free satellite at ultra-low frequency. A coupled modeling of dynamics which incorporate orbit dynamics, environment disturbance and interaction between the satellite and the proof mass is presented. Frequency bandwidth under investigation is extended from the micro-vibration frequency bandwidth (10 mHz to 100 mHz) to a broader bandwidth (0.1 mHz to 100 mHz) which partly covers the micro-gravity frequency bandwidth (<10 mHz). As two stringent requirements of drag-free satellite, the distance between the satellite COM (center of mass) and the proof mass COM, as well as the residual non-gravitational acceleration of the proof mass, is studied under the impacts of the atmospheric drag, the interaction between the satellite and the proof mass, and the orbit motion.


Drag-free satellites Coupled modeling Ultra-low frequency Micro-vibration Micro-gravity 



This work is supported by National Natural Science Foundation (NNSF) of China (grant no. 51675430 and grant no. 11402044).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Competing interests

No competing financial interests exist.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Key Laboratory of Aerospace Flight DynamicsXi’anChina
  2. 2.Northwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anChina

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