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Microgravity Science and Technology

, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 411–417 | Cite as

The Movement of an Ion-exchange Microparticle in a Weak External Electric Field

  • Georgy Ganchenko
  • Elizaveta Frants
  • Vladimir Shelistov
  • Evgeny Demekhin
Original Article
  • 37 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Non-Equilibrium Processes in Continuous Media under Microgravity

Abstract

The electrokinetic motion of spherical particle suspended in the electrolyte solution under influence of external electric field is studied. Due to impermeability of particle’s surface for one kind of ion species the particle exhibit behavior different to well investigated dielectric particles. Under an assumption of a weak external electric field, we derive the analytical estimation of the particle’s velocity by means of a method of matched asymptotic expansions. The analytical analysis is complemented by numerical solution, which gives the distribution of ion’s concentrations, electric potential profiles and flows streamlines. The analytical results are successfully compared with the results of numerical simulation.

Keywords

Ion-exchange microparticle Asymptotic expansions Weak field electrophoresis Electrophoretic velocity Method of matched asymptotic expansions 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Micro-and Nanoscale Electro-and HydrodynamicsFinancial University under the Government of Russian FederationKrasnodarRussian Federation
  2. 2.Department of Mathematics and Computer ScienceFinancial University under the Government of Russian FederationKrasnodarRussian Federation
  3. 3.Department of Applied MathematicsKuban State UniversityKrasnodarRussian Federation
  4. 4.Institut de Mécanique et d’Ingénierie - TREFLE, UMR CNRS 5295University of BordeauxPessac CedexFrance
  5. 5.Laboratory of General Aeromechanics, Institute of MechanicsMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussian Federation

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