Influence of harvest time on protein content and lipids profile of wild Styrax officinalis seeds from different locations in Turkey
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Interest in new sources of oil crops is increasing. The aim of the current work was to evaluate the effect of harvest time on protein content and lipids profile of wild Styrax officinalis seeds from different locations in Turkey. Eight wild styrax (Styrax officinalis L.) plants were collected from different Turkish locations at two harvest periods. Seeds were analyzed for protein content, oil content and fatty acid composition. Seeds from different locations were rich in oil (42.86–53.40%) and protein (12.89–18.19%). Styrax officinalis seed oils were rich in linoleic acid (C18:2) ranging from 66.13 to 73.87%. Oleic acid (C18:1) was the main monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA), wherein its levels ranged between 16.11 and 22.75% in the oil samples. In the most of Styrax officinalis seeds, protein and oil content showed an increasing trend when harvest time prolonged. In addition, the proportions of linoleic acid increased in Styrax officinalis oils at the second harvest time as compared with those at the first harvest time. In contrast, oleic acid and palmitic acid contents were mostly higher at the first harvest time.
KeywordsOilseeds Principal component analysis Vegetable oils Fatty acids Climate conditions Environmental factors
This study was financially supported by Scientific Research Projects Fund (Project No. BAP- 6602c ZF/16-22), Bozok University, Turkey.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and animal rights
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.
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