Energetic radiation from thunderclouds: extended particle fluxes directed to Earth’s surface
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After introducing spectrometers with the energy threshold of 0.3 MeV the pattern of the thunderstorm ground enhancements (TGEs) observed on Aragats dramatically changed demonstrating multi-hour radiation. In the paper, we analyze comprehensive observations made on different time scales and energy ranges. A new model of TGE is discussed explaining much larger time of particle fluxes from clouds.
KeywordsElectron acceleration in atmosphere Thunderstorm ground enhancements High-energy physics in atmosphere
The author thanks the staff of the Aragats Space Environmental Center for the uninterruptible operation of Aragats research station facilities. The data for this paper are available via the multivariate visualization software ADEI on the WEB page of the Cosmic Ray Division (CRD) of the Yerevan Physics Institute, http://adei.crd.yerphi.am/adei. A.C. appreciates the support by Russian Science Foundation grant (project No. 17-12-01,439).
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Conflict of interest
The author declares that he has no competing financial and non-financial interests.
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