Transactions of Tianjin University

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 31–37 | Cite as

Three-Dimensional Hexagram Gold Nanoparticles: Synthesis and Growth Mechanism

  • Jinsheng SunEmail author
  • Ping Zhang
  • Sheng Fu
  • Leilei Dai
  • Hongdan Wang
Research Article


This study explained a procedure to synthesize 3D hexagram gold nanoparticles using a specific morphologically controlled gold precursor reduction. Acetaldehyde acted as the reducing agent along with polyvinyl pyrrolidone as the stabilizing agent with a limited reaction temperature range observed to be near to 25 °C. The resulting special gold nanoparticles were physically characterized and observed to possess an average planar size of 420 nm, an average central thickness of 200 nm, and an average edge thickness of 18 nm. Furthermore, a mechanism model was proposed to describe the oriented growth of gold nanoparticles employing published accounts of the mechanisms involved in the growth of gold hexagonal nanoplates. Moreover, the two major factors that controlled the morphology of synthesized gold nanoparticles were elaborated to provide reference for future fabrication methods of metal nanoparticles in both academia and industry.


Gold hexagram nanoparticles Growth mechanism Oriented growth Morphological control 


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Copyright information

© Tianjin University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jinsheng Sun
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ping Zhang
    • 1
  • Sheng Fu
    • 1
  • Leilei Dai
    • 2
  • Hongdan Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemical Engineering and TechnologyTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.Sinopec Jinling Petrochemical Co., LtdNanjingChina

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