Study on the characteristics of zirconia ceramic in three-dimensional ultrasonic vibration-assisted ELID internal grinding

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Three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonic vibration-assisted ELID grinding, which combines 3D ultrasonic vibration-assistance with electrolytic in-process grinding wheel dressing (ELID), is a compound process that is designed to achieve high-efficiency precision machining. A grinding force model of 3D ultrasonic vibration-assisted ELID grinding was first developed on the basis of the kinematics of a single grit particle and was verified through experimentation. The surface quality then was observed using white light interference profiling. It was demonstrated during the present investigation that the grinding force during 3D ultrasonic vibration-assisted ELID grinding was approximately 20 %~30 % lower than that of two-dimensional (2D) ultrasonic vibration-assisted ELID grinding. In addition, the surface roughness (Ra) achieved during 3D ultrasonic vibration-assisted ELID grinding was approximately 40 %~50 % smoother than was achieved under 2D ultrasonic vibration-assisted ELID, and thus 3D ultrasonic vibration-assisted ELID grinding can achieve better surface quality.

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The authors sincerely acknowledge the National Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51805284) and the key scientific research projects in colleges and universities in Henan Province (Grant No. 19A460006). This project is supported by the Henan Zhongyuan Ancient Ceramic Key Laboratory. Sincere thanks to the reviewers for their professional suggestions on this study.

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Correspondence to Guangxi Li.

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The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this paper.

Recommended by Editor Yang Na

Fan Chen received her Ph.D. in School of Mechanical and Power Engineering from Henan Polytechnic University of Jiaozuo, China, in 2017. Now she works at School of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, Pingdingshan University, Pingdingshan, 467000, China. Her current research interests are in precision, super precision manufacturing technology, especially in the technology of ultrasonic vibration-assisted machining.

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Chen, F., Mei, G., Zhao, B. et al. Study on the characteristics of zirconia ceramic in three-dimensional ultrasonic vibration-assisted ELID internal grinding. J Mech Sci Technol 34, 333–344 (2020) doi:10.1007/s12206-019-1233-x

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  • 3D ultrasonic vibration
  • ELID grinding
  • Grinding force
  • Kinematics analysis
  • Surface quality
  • Ultrasonic vibration-assisted grinding