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Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology

, Volume 33, Issue 11, pp 5169–5176 | Cite as

Modeling and analysis of a rotational piezoelectric energy harvester with limiters

  • Xiaobo Rui
  • Zhoumo Zeng
  • Yibo LiEmail author
  • Yu Zhang
  • Zi Yang
  • Xinjing Huang
  • Zhou Sha
Article
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

A rotational piezoelectric energy harvester has the ability to convert rotation mechanical energy into electric power. The piezoelectric harvester with cantilever based on gravity excitation has received great attention. Given that gravity excitation is greater than conventional vibration excitation, and large mass are often used in low-frequency applications, large amplitudes pose a significant threat to the life of a harvester. In this study, a rotational energy harvester with limiters is investigated to promote practical development. This study establishes a theoretical model verified by experiments. Results show that stiffness has little influence on the limiting effect. In the experimental conditions, the output after 2000 N/m is basically the same. The peak value of the output voltage is linearly proportional to the space. Given that an impact excitation is generated in the collision, the limiter widens the frequency band of the output in the upsweep.

Keywords

Rotation Piezoelectric Energy harvesting Limiter 

Nomenclature

m

Equivalent mass

k

Equivalent stiffness

c

Equivalent damping

Θ

Coupling coefficient

Cp

Piezoelectric material capacitance

k’

Limiter equivalent stiffness

R

Load resistance

u

Displacement vector

θ

Angle vector

T

Kinetic energy

U

Potential energy

L

Euler-Lagrange quantity

V

Output voltage

σ

Generalized torsional force

Q

Charge obtained by the piezoelectric effect

mp

Weight of the piezoelectric material

b

Width of the cantilever beam

ρ

Density of the cantilever beam

hp

Thickness of the piezoelectric material

hb

Thickness of the cantilever beam

mt

Weight of the mass

E

Complex beam’s modulus of elasticity

Ep

Modulus of elasticity of the piezoelectric material

Eb

Modulus of elasticity of the cantilever beam

I

Moment of inertia

B

Collision factor

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Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2018YFF0212201), Tianjin Key R&D Program (No. 19YFSLQY00080), Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin (No. 17JCYBJC19300), and National Nature Science Fund of China (No. 61973227).

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Copyright information

© KSME & Springer 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaobo Rui
    • 1
  • Zhoumo Zeng
    • 1
  • Yibo Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yu Zhang
    • 1
  • Zi Yang
    • 2
  • Xinjing Huang
    • 1
  • Zhou Sha
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Precision Measurement Technology and InstrumentTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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