Performance and evaluation of MoS2 based machining using PVD-TiAlN coated tool
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A recent trend on turning of difficult-to-machine (DTM) materials using environmentally friendly vegetable oil has became popular due to its immense machinability aids. Conventional cutting oils fail to give cooling/lubrication at higher cutting speed-feed combination and create environmental pollution. The present work investigated the effect of molybdenum disulphide nanoparticle (nMoS2) dispersed in castor oil, as a cutting fluid, sprayed using minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) technique on turning of AISI O1 cold worked tool steel. The machining was carried out by varying the speed ranging from 110–170 m/min, a feed rate of 0.02-0.08 mm/rev and depth of cut of 0.7 mm. PVD-TiAlN coated tungsten carbide insert was used for the experimentation. The experimental results of nMQL condition were compared with the dry and wet condition. The results proved that application nMQL has given 15–49 % enhanced tool life with better surface finish as compared with dry and wet condition, respectively. No major phase change occurs in nMQL when compared with other conditions because of their low cutting temperature.
KeywordsMinimum quantity lubrication O1 tool steel Vegetable oil nanofluid
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