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Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology

, Volume 33, Issue 8, pp 3655–3664 | Cite as

Pretreatment methods to improve the kinematic viscosity of biodiesel for use in power tiller engines

  • Duk Gam Woo
  • Tae Han KimEmail author
Article
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Abstract

Biodiesel is an environmentally friendly fuel that can replace diesel in compression ignition engines without changing the engine structure. Biodiesel is typically manufactured from vegetable oils and animal fats, which give the fuel its oxidation stability and cold-flow properties, respectively. However, the kinematic viscosity of biodiesel can cause engine performance problems such as incomplete combustion and sludge formation due to insufficient fuel atomization. To address these problems, in this study, a pretreatment technology that lowers the kinematic viscosity of biodiesel made from blended animal fat and vegetable oil was developed. The results of application of the pretreated fuel to a single-cylinder power tiller engine indicated that it produced 88.3–99.8 % of the brake power produced by conventional diesel. In addition, although the pretreated biodiesel exhaust included increased amounts of nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide emissions, the proposed fuel also decreased the amounts of hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emissions compared with conventional diesel emissions.

Keywords

Blended biodiesel Fuel supply system Kinematic viscosity Performance Power tiller engine 

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Copyright information

© KSME & Springer 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Faculty of AgricultureHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Bio-Industrial Machinery EngineeringKyungpook National UniversityDaeguKorea

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