Advertisement

Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology

, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 367–376 | Cite as

Numerical analysis and parametric optimization of surge protection devices in a long up-pumping water pipeline

  • Mubashir Ali SiddiquiEmail author
  • Hassan Ahmed
  • Muhammad Bilal Javed
  • Umair Shahid
Article
  • 36 Downloads

Abstract

This study aims to present a parametric analysis of combined use of two surge protection devices in a relatively very long up-pumping water supply pipeline. Transient conditions are induced by sudden pump tripping. The effects of four parameters of hydropneumatic tank, i.e., polytropic exponent, initial air volume, orifice diameter and wave celerity and two parameters of surge tank, i.e., tank volume and tank orifice diameter are investigated on pressure surges. The parameters are optimized to achieve reduced pressure fluctuations throughout the pipe length. A numerical model is developed to perform hydraulic transient analysis in the pipeline system. Governing partial differential equations for unsteady flows are solved by the method of characteristics (MOC) and are subsequently converted into algebraic form using finite difference method. To establish the authenticity of the model, it is experimentally validated by comparing the model results with the experimental results. The validated model is then employed to analyze the effects of various parameters of the two surge protection devices on pressure fluctuations along the pipe length. The results obtained from the study are optimized for safe operation and economic use of the system.

Keywords

Long up-pumping pipeline Hydraulic transients Parametric analysis Surge protection devices Method of characteristics (MOC) 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    E. B. Wylie and V. L. Streeter, Fluid transients, Ann Arbor, Michigan: FEB Press (1983).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    C. M. Hanif, Applied hydraulic transient, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. (1979).Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    J. P. Tullis, Hydraulics of pipelines-pumps, valves, cavitation, transients, New York: John Wiley & Sons (1989).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    S. G. Kim, K. B. Lee and K. Y. Kim, Water hammer in the pump-rising pipeline system with an air chamber, Journal of Hydrodynamics, 64 (26) (2014) 960–964.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    M. Dallali, M. Guidara, M. Bouaziz, C. Schmitt, E. Haj-Taieb and Z. Azari, Accuracy and security analysis of transient flows in relatively long pipelines, Engineering Failure Analysis, 51 (2015) 69–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    J. Zhanga, J. Gao, M. Diao, W. Wu, T. Wang and S. Qi, A case study on risk assessment of long distance water supply system, 12th International Conference on Computing and Control for the Water Industry (2013).Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    P. Akpan, S. Jones, M. Eke and H. Yeung, Modelling and transient simulation of water flow in pipelines using WANDA transient software, Ain Shams Engineering Journal (2015).Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Y. L. Zhang, M. F. Miao and J. M. Ma, Analytical study on water hammer pressure in pressurized conduits with a throttled surge chamber for slow closure, Water Science and Engineering, 3 (2) (2010) 174–189.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    P. J. Malppan and K. S. Sumam, Pipe burst risk assessment using transient analysis in surge 2000, International Conference on Water Resources, Coastal and Ocean Engineering (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    G. Lan-lan, L. Zheng-gang, G. Jie, L. Dong and D. Guangsheng, Numerical study of flow fluctuation attenuation performance of a surge tank, Journal of Hydrodynamics, 25 (6) (2013) 938–943.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    S. Evangelista, A. Leopardi and R. Pignatelli, Hydraulic transients in viscoelastic branched pipelines, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    M. Rohani and M. Afshar, Simulation of transient flow caused by pump failure: Point-implicit method, Annals of Nuclear Energy, 37 (2010) 1742–1750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    S. H. Kim, Design of surge tank for water supply sytems using the impulse response method with the GA algorithm, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, 24 (2) (2010) 629–636.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    J. Hur, S. Kim and H. Kim, Water hammer analysis that uses the impulse response method for a reservoir-pump pipeline system, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, 31 (10) (2017) 4833–4840.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    X. Wu, Y. Liu, R. Liu and L. Zhao, Surge detection methods using empirical mode decomposition and continuous wavelet transform for a centrifugal compressor, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, 30 (4) (2017) 1533–1536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    B. Ji, J. Wang, X. Luo, K. Miyagawa, L. Z. Xiao, X. Long and Y. Tsujimoto, Numerical simulation of cavitation surge and vortical flows in a diffuser with swirling flow, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, 30 (6) (2016) 2507–2514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    V. Rezaei, M. Calamak and Z. Bozkus, Performance of a pumped discharge line with combined application of protection devices against water hammer, KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering (2016).Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    C. Apollonio, G. Balacco, N. Fontana, M. Giugni and G. Marini, Hydraulic transients caused by air expulsion during rapid filling of undulating pipelines, Water, 8 (25) (2016).Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    L. Ramezani and A. B. Karney, Water column separation and cavity collapse for pipelines protected with air vacuum valves: Understanding the essential wave processes, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (2016).Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    A. Bergant, U. Karadžić and A. Tijsseling, Dynamic water behaviour due to one trapped air pocket in a laboratory pipeline apparatus, 28th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    H. F. Duan and P. J. Lee, Transient-based frequency domain method for dead-end side branch detection in reservoir pipeline-valve systems, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 142 (2) (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mubashir Ali Siddiqui
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hassan Ahmed
    • 2
  • Muhammad Bilal Javed
    • 3
  • Umair Shahid
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNED University of Engineering and TechnologyKarachiPakistan
  2. 2.Fauji Fertilizer Company Ltd.SadiqabadPakistan
  3. 3.K-Electric Ltd.KarachiPakistan
  4. 4.Fatima Fertilizer Company Ltd.SadiqabadPakistan

Personalised recommendations