Remaining Useful Life Prediction of Turbofan Engine Using Hybrid Model Based on Autoencoder and Bidirectional Long Short-Term Memory

  • Ya Song (宋亚)
  • Guo Shi (石郭)
  • Leyi Chen (陈乐懿)
  • Xinpei Huang (黄鑫沛)
  • Tangbin Xia (夏唐斌)Email author


Turbofan engine is a critical aircraft component with complex structure and high-reliability requirements. Effectively predicting the remaining useful life (RUL) of turbofan engines has essential significance for developing maintenance strategies and reducing maintenance costs. Considering the characteristics of large sample size and high dimension of monitoring data, a hybrid health condition prediction model integrating the advantages of autoencoder and bidirectional long short-term memory (BLSTM) is proposed to improve the prediction accuracy of RUL. Autoencoder is used as a feature extractor to compress condition monitoring data. BLSTM is designed to capture the bidirectional long-range dependencies of features. A hybrid deep learning prediction model of RUL is constructed. This model has been tested on a benchmark dataset. The results demonstrate that this autoencoder-BLSTM hybrid model has a better prediction accuracy than the existing methods, such as multi-layer perceptron (MLP), support vector regression (SVR), convolutional neural network (CNN) and long short-term memory (LSTM). The proposed model can provide strong support for the health management and maintenance strategy development of turbofan engines.

Key words

remaining useful life (RUL) autoencoder bidirectional long short-term memory (BLSTM) deep learning 

CLC number

TP 183 V 23 

Document code


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Copyright information

© Shanghai Jiaotong University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ya Song (宋亚)
    • 1
  • Guo Shi (石郭)
    • 1
  • Leyi Chen (陈乐懿)
    • 1
  • Xinpei Huang (黄鑫沛)
    • 1
  • Tangbin Xia (夏唐斌)
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Mechanical System and Vibration, Department of Industrial Engineering, School of Mechanical EngineeringShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

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