Radiological Physics and Technology

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 363–373 | Cite as

Error evaluation of the D-shuttle dosimeter technique in positron emission tomography study

  • Md. Shahidul Islam
  • Shoichi Watanuki
  • Manabu Tashiro
  • Hiroshi WatabeEmail author


The D-shuttle dosimeter technique is a convenient approach for estimating the radiation dosimetry in a positron emission tomography (PET) study that employs multiple D-shuttle dosimeters attached to the body surface of a patient. To bring this technique into clinical usage, it is very important to evaluate its performance by investigating the bias associated with D-shuttle dosimeter positioning and by comparing the estimates with those of the whole-body dynamic PET imaging technique. The torso cavity and six spheres of the NEMA body phantom were filled with 18F-FDG solution, and then, the phantom was imaged for 1 h. We assumed the mislocated positioning of the D-shuttle dosimeters by shifting them in the z-direction (upper) in a range of 1–5 cm from the original positions. The cumulative radioactivities, absorbed doses, and effective dose were estimated using accurate and mislocated positions of the D-shuttle dosimeters. For comparison, the cumulative radioactivities were also estimated from the PET images, and then, the absorbed doses and effective dose were computed. The maximum bias of the average estimated cumulated radioactivities and the effective doses was − 15.0% and − 19.7% for the 1 cm shifted positions, respectively. The ratios of absorbed doses obtained from D-shuttle and PET measurement against the actual values were between 0.9 and 1.3, and 0.7 and 1.0, respectively. The bias associated with the D-shuttle dosimeter positions was significant and probably consistent, and both dosimetric techniques exhibited good performance in this phantom study.


Error D-shuttle dosimeter positioning Whole-body dynamic PET imaging D-shuttle dosimeter technique 



This study was supported by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research No. 16K15342 from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), Japanese Government.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no relevant conflicts of interest to disclose.

Ethical approval

This research article does not contain any human and animal studies.


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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Radiological Technology and Japan Society of Medical Physics 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Radiation Protection and Safety Control, Cyclotron and Radioisotope Centre, Graduate School of Biomedical EngineeringTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Division of Cyclotron Nuclear Medicine, Cyclotron and Radioisotope CentreTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  3. 3.Radiation Control DivisionBangladesh Atomic Energy Regulatory AuthorityDhakaBangladesh
  4. 4.Bangladesh Atomic Energy CommissionDhakaBangladesh
  5. 5.Radiation Informatics for Medical Imaging, Graduate School of Biomedical EngineeringTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

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