Structure-function relationship of H2A-H2B specific plant histone chaperones
Studies on chromatin structure and function have gained a revived popularity. Histone chaperones are significant players in chromatin organization. They play a significant role in vital nuclear functions like transcription, DNA replication, DNA repair, DNA recombination, and epigenetic regulation, primarily by aiding processes such as histone shuttling and nucleosome assembly/disassembly. Like the other eukaryotes, plants also have a highly orchestrated and dynamic chromatin organization. Plants seem to have more isoforms within the same family of histone chaperones, as compared with other organisms. As some of these are specific to plants, they must have evolved to perform functions unique to plants. However, it appears that only little effort has gone into understanding the structural features of plant histone chaperones and their structure-function relationships. Studies on plant histone chaperones are essential for understanding their role in plant chromatin organization and how plants respond during stress conditions. This review is on the structural and functional aspects of plant histone chaperone families, specifically those which bind to H2A-H2B, viz nucleosome assembly protein (NAP), nucleoplasmin (NPM), and facilitates chromatin transcription (FACT). Here, we also present comparative analyses of these plant histone chaperones with available histone chaperone structures. The review hopes to incite interest among researchers to pursue further research in the area of plant chromatin and the associated histone chaperones.
KeywordsHistone chaperones H2A-H2B NAP1 NRP1 FACT Nucleoplasmin
The authors acknowledge the intramural support from the Institute of Life Sciences, Bhubaneswar, and the research fellowship to A.K. from the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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