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Cell Stress and Chaperones

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 247–257 | Cite as

Exogenous trehalose confers high temperature stress tolerance to herbaceous peony by enhancing antioxidant systems, activating photosynthesis, and protecting cell structure

  • Da-Qiu Zhao
  • Ting-Ting Li
  • Zhao-Jun Hao
  • Meng-Lin Cheng
  • Jun TaoEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.) is an excellent ornamental plant, which is usually stressed by summer high temperatures, but little is known about its relevant measures. In this study, the effects of trehalose on alleviating high temperature-induced damage in P. lactiflora were examined. High temperature stress in P. lactiflora increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), including superoxide anion free radical (O2·−) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), enhanced both malondialdehyde (MDA) content and relative electrical conductivity (REC), decreased superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, increased catalase (CAT) activity, inhibited photosynthesis, and destroyed cell structure. However, exogenous trehalose effectively alleviated its high temperature-induced damage. Trehalose decreased O2·− and H2O2 accumulation, MDA content, and REC, increased the activities of antioxidant enzymes, enhanced photosynthesis, improved cell structure, and made chloroplasts rounder. Additionally, trehalose induced high temperature-tolerant-related gene expressions to different degrees. These results indicated that trehalose decreased the deleterious effect of high temperature stress on P. lactiflora growth by enhancing antioxidant systems, activating photosynthesis, and protecting cell structure. These findings indicate the potential application of trehalose for managing high temperatures in P. lactiflora cultivation.

Keywords

High temperature Trehalose Lipid peroxidation Antioxidant Photosynthesis 

Notes

Funding

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (31872141), the Young Talent Support Project of Jiangsu Provincial Association for Science and Technology, the Building Project of Combined and Major Innovation Carrier of Jiangsu Province (BM2016008), Agriculture Three New Project of Jiangsu Province (SXGC[2017]297), the Program of Key Members of Yangzhou University Outstanding Young Teacher, and the Priority Academic Program Development from Jiangsu Government.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Cell Stress Society International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Da-Qiu Zhao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ting-Ting Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhao-Jun Hao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Meng-Lin Cheng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jun Tao
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology, College of Horticulture and Plant ProtectionYangzhou UniversityYangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute of Flowers and Trees IndustryYangzhou University-Rugao CityRugaoPeople’s Republic of China

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