Global stability of an age-structured model for pathogen–immune interaction
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In this paper, we present an age-structured mathematical model for infectious disease in vivo with infection age of cells. The model contains an immune variable and the effect of absorption of pathogens into uninfected cells. We construct Lyapunov functionals for the model and prove that the time derivative of the functionals are nonpositive. Using this, we prove the global stability results for the model. Especially, we present the full mathematical detail of the proof of the global stability.
KeywordsLyapunov functionals Age-structured equations Immunity Persistence
Mathematics Subject Classification35B15 45D05 92B05
The authors would like to thank the anonymous referees for very helpful suggestions and comments which led to improvement of our original manuscripts. This work is partly supported by Grand-in-Aid Scientific Research (C) No. 17K05365 from Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.
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