Impacts of the Mood Fit in the Classroom on Depression and Creativity

  • Chau-kiu Cheung
  • Xinjie ChenEmail author
  • Hoi Yan Cheung


The fit between a pupil and his or her classmates in the negative mood means that the mood is similarly high or low in the pupil and classmates. This fit is likely to impede depression (in terms of depressive symptoms) and sustain creativity in the pupil, according to ecological or person-environment fit theory. Such possibilities, nevertheless, are suspicious in light of some counterarguments and findings. To examine the possibilities, the present study employed survey data on 632 middle-school pupils in Guangzhou, China. Results about the effects of the fit on depression and creativity support the possibilities. Essentially, although the negative mood of the pupil and his or her classmates had adverse effects, the fit in the mood tended to mitigate the adversity. The results imply a greater need for preventing depression and raising creativity in the pupil with a lower fit to his or her classmates.


Negative mood Depression Creativity Person-environment fit Classmate influence 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflict of Interest

Chau-kiu Cheung declares that he has no conflict of interest. Xiejie Chen declares that she has no conflict of interest. Hoi Yan Cheung declares that she has no conflict of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.City University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  2. 2.University of MacauMacauChina
  3. 3.Stanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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