Analysis of glutathione S-transferase and cytochrome P450 gene polymorphism in recipients of dose-adjusted busulfan-cyclophosphamide conditioning
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Sporadic incidence of veno-occlusive disease (VOD) continues to occur, despite achievement of recommended busulfan (BU) concentrations after real-time BU dose adjustment. To explore the potential influence of glutathione S-transferase (GST) and cytochrome P450 (CYP) genotypes on plasma BU concentration, subsequent VOD, and transplant outcome, we assessed the polymorphisms of multiple GST and CYP genes. Fifty-five patients were included (median age 38 years; range 21–67). Of these, 49 received dose-adjusted BU/CY therapy. Twenty-six patients received transplants from human leukocyte antigen-identical siblings, 26 from unrelated donors. The GSTA1*A/*A genotype was significantly associated with lower BU first-dose area under curve (AUC1st). We found that patients with higher AUC1st showed a significantly higher serum total bilirubin during the first month after transplantation, but this was not necessarily associated with subsequent development of VOD. We further analyzed a possible association of GST and CYP polymorphisms and VOD development, and found none of the polymorphisms investigated was associated with VOD incidence. Regarding transplant outcomes, GSTM1-positive patients showed lower relapse rates and better overall survival in multivariate analyses. These results suggest that a GSTM1-positive genotype in patients receiving BU/CY conditioning protects against relapse of hematological malignancies after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
KeywordsBusulfan Cyclophosphamide Glutathione S-transferase Drug concentration Area under curve
This work was supported by Grants from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) KAKENHI (18K08351 to S.T. and 18K08321 to M.M.).
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare there is no conflict of interest.
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