HLA-haploidentical stem cell transplantation using posttransplant cyclophosphamide
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HLA-haploidentical stem cell transplantation using posttransplant cyclophosphamide has spread rapidly worldwide. This strategy was initially developed in the setting of bone marrow transplantation following nonmyeloablative conditioning. Recently, peripheral blood stem cell grafts and/or myeloablative conditioning regimen have been widely used. In Japan, prospective, multicenter, phase II studies have been conducted by the Japan Study Group for Cell Therapy and Transplantation to evaluate the safety and efficacy of HLA-haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation using posttransplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy-haploPBSCT). In the first such study (JSCT Haplo 13 study), we demonstrated that PTCy-haploPBSCT after busulfan-based reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) enables stable donor engraftment and low incidences of both acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In the second (JSCT Haplo 14 study), we showed that both myeloablative conditioning (MAC) and RIC are valid options for PTCy-haploPBSCT. Emerging evidence, including our findings, suggests that donor type (HLA-haploidentical donor versus HLA-matched related or unrelated donor) may no longer be a significant predictor of transplant outcome.
KeywordsHLA-haploidentical transplantation Posttransplant cyclophosphamide
This work was supported by the grant from Regional Medicine Research Foundation (Tochigi, Japan), North Japan Hematology Study Group (NJHSG), and Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED, JP17ek0510012).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The author declares no conflict of interest.
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