Approach to Medial Elbow Pain in the Throwing Athlete
Purpose of Review
Injury to the ulnar collateral ligament is the most common, significant injury affecting the medial elbow of the overhead athlete. However, there are many other significant sources of pathology that should be considered. This review seeks to present a broad range of conditions that providers should consider when evaluating the overhead athlete with medial elbow pain.
Recent biomechanical studies have deepened understanding of the anatomy and function of the anterior bundle of the ulnar collateral ligament germane to the overhead athlete. Orthobiologics hold potential for expanding the role of non-operative treatment for ulnar collateral ligament injuries.
In addition to injury to the ulnar collateral ligament, providers should be prepared to diagnose and treat valgus extension overload, proximal olecranon stress fracture, ulnar nerve pathology, common flexor - pronator mass injury, and, in adolescents, medial epicondylar avulsion, when managing medial elbow pain in the overhead athlete.
KeywordsMedial elbow pain Throwers Ulnar collateral ligament
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
L. Pearce McCarty has received consulting fees and speaker honorarium from Anthrex Inc. and is a principle investigator in an industry sponsored study funded by Biomet.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance
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