BioEnergy Research

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 412–429 | Cite as

Development of Dryland Oilseed Production Systems in Northwestern Region of the USA

  • D. S. LongEmail author
  • F. L. Young
  • W. F. Schillinger
  • C. L. Reardon
  • J. D. Williams
  • B. L. Allen
  • W. L. Pan
  • D. J. Wysocki


This report addresses the development of dryland oilseed crops to provide feedstock for production of biofuels in semi-arid portions of the northwestern USA. Bioenergy feedstocks derived from Brassica oilseed crops have been considered for production of hydrotreated renewable jet fuel, but crop growth and yields in the northwestern region are limited by a lack of plant available water. Based on a review of the scientific literature, several areas were identified where research could be directed to provide improvements. The current agronomic limitations for oilseed production are mainly due to seedling establishment under extreme heat, dry seedbeds at optimum planting times, survival under extreme cold, and interspecific competition with weeds. To improve emergence and stand establishment, future work should focus on developing soil management and seeding techniques that optimize plant available water, reduce heat stress, and provide a competitive advantage against weeds that are customized for specific crops, soil types, and soil and environmental conditions. Spring and winter cultivars are needed that offer increased seedling vigor, drought resistance, and cold tolerance.


Biomass Oilseed crops Stand establishment Agronomic limitations Recommendations 



This report was supported by Research Grant Awards [2012-10008-19727 and 2011-68002-30191] from the United States Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture and the Washington State Biofuel Cropping Systems Project [8016].


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York (outside the USA) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.USDA-ARS Soil and Water Conservation Research UnitAdamsUSA
  2. 2.USDA-ARS Northwest Sustainable Agroecosystems Research Unit, 215 Johnson HallWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA
  3. 3.Washington State University Crop and Soil SciencesDryland Research StationLindUSA
  4. 4.USDA-ARS, Agricultural Systems Research UnitSidneyUSA
  5. 5.Washington State University Crop and Soil SciencesPullmanUSA
  6. 6.Oregon State University Extension ServicePendletonUSA

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