Prognostic utility of FDG PET/CT in advanced ovarian, fallopian and primary peritoneal high-grade serous cancer patients before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy
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In patients with advanced ovarian, fallopian and primary peritoneal carcinoma, complete interval debulking surgery (IDS) is often performed after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) to achieve long progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). We aimed to investigate the utility of 2-deoxy-2-[F-18]fluoro-d-glucose (FDG) PET/CT in patients with these malignancies who underwent complete IDS.
Between 2009 and 2017, twenty-two patients underwent FDG PET/CT scans before and after NAC. The highest SUVmax/peak (standardized uptake value), metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) for whole lesions were defined as target SUVmax/peak, tMTV and tTLG, respectively. We also calculated these reduction rates during NAC. These parameters were compared between the groups with platinum-free interval (PFI) > 12 months (n = 10) and those with PFI ≤ 12 months (n = 12). The PFS and OS were evaluated using these quantitative parameters, and in terms of the presence of visually detectable residual lesions after NAC.
The target SUVmax/peak before NAC, the reduction rates in the target SUVmax, tMTV and tTLG were significantly higher in the group with PFI > 12 months than the shorter PFI group (p < 0.05). Especially in PFS, the higher reduction rates in the target SUVmax/peak, tMTV, and tTLG had an excellent prognostic stratification (p < 0.05) and the FDG visually negative group after NAC had a significantly better prognosis than the other group (p < 0.01).
The reduction rate of FDG PET-based quantitative values and visual analysis after NAC demonstrated prognostic potential, especially in PFS.
Keywords18F-FDG PET–CT Ovary Fallopian tube Peritoneum
We have nothing to declare concerning this Acknowledgements. No potential conflicts of interest were disclosed.
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