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Prognostic role of baseline 18F-FDG PET/CT metabolic parameters in mantle cell lymphoma

  • Domenico AlbanoEmail author
  • Giovanni Bosio
  • Nicola Bianchetti
  • Chiara Pagani
  • Alessandro Re
  • Alessandra Tucci
  • Raffaele Giubbini
  • Francesco Bertagna
Original Article

Abstract

Objective

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive lymphoma sub-type with poor prognosis and high 18F-FDG avidity at PET/CT; nowadays, no validated criteria for PET/CT in treatment response evaluation and prediction of outcome are present. The aim of study was to investigate whether the metabolic PET/CT features may predict treatment evaluation and prognosis in MCL.

Methods

We retrospectively enrolled 87 patients who underwent baseline 18F-FDG PET/CT and 85 end-of-treatment (eot) PET/CT. The baseline PET images were analyzed visually and semi-quantitatively by measuring the maximum standardized uptake value body weight (SUVbw), lean body mass (SUVlbm), body surface area (SUVbsa), lesion-to-liver SUVmax ratio (L-L SUV R), lesion-to-blood pool SUVmax ratio (L-BP SUV R), metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG). EotPET/CT was visually interpreted according to the criteria of the Deauville 5-point scale (DC). Survival curves were plotted according to the Kaplan–Meier method.

Results

At a median follow-up of 40 months, relapse/progression occurred in 47 and death in 23 patients. Median PFS and OS were 30 and 41 months. Baseline MTV and TLG were significantly higher in patients with progressive metabolic response compared to complete/partial response group. EotPET/CT results using DC significantly correlated with PFS, not with OS. MTV and TLG were demonstrated to be independent prognostic factors for PFS; instead the other metabolic parameters were not related to outcome survival. Considering OS, no variable was significantly associated.

Conclusions

EotPET/CT results (using DC), MTV and TLG were significantly correlated with response to treatment and PFS.

Keywords

Mantle cell lymphoma 18F-FDG PET/CT MTV TLG Prognosis 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All the procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. For this type of study, formal consent is not required.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all the individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nuclear MedicineUniversity of Brescia and Spedali Civili BresciaBresciaItaly
  2. 2.Nuclear MedicineSpedali Civili BresciaBresciaItaly
  3. 3.Division of Hematology, Spedali CiviliBresciaItaly

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