Transition in Gender Ideology and Women Migrant’s Empowerment in Germany and Sweden: Inclusion of ‘Gender’ and ‘Integration’ Needs in Relevant Policies/Legislation

  • Muhammad Wajid TahirEmail author
Original Article


This study reviews the inclusion of ‘gender’ and ‘integration’ in the policies and legislation designed to facilitate the integration of women migrants and their impacts on migrant’s gender ideology in two European legislative regimes: Germany and Sweden. The study is conducted in four steps; (1) a thematic analysis of twenty conventions and recommendations of the UN, ILO, and EU, (2) latent analysis of ten policies/pieces of legislation, (3) survey with women migrants, and (4) in-depth interviews with experts. This study finds that existing legal frameworks do not fully comply with the international legal frame to meet women migrant’s ‘gender’ and ‘integration’ needs, although the situation seems relatively better in Germany than in Sweden. It is found that migration has brought positive changes in gender ideology for migrants in many arenas, except one. Migrant’s satisfaction with legal measures also contributes to this transition. The study summarizes three groups of barriers to the transformation of gender ideology for both countries. These are; agency-specific, institution-specific, and state-specific.


Gender ideology Migration Policy/legislation Migration Empowerment 



This is an outcome paper of the scholarship awarded by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation, Germany to implement a project titles ‘Challenges of Integration for Immigrant Women in Europe: Nexus between Gender Mainstreaming of Public Policies/Legislation and Gender Ideology’ (Az.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The author has declared that he has no conflict of interest.

Informed Consent

All the participants in the research signed the informed consent.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Political Science, Chair (Politics and Gender Relations)Philipps University MarburgMarburgGermany

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