The challenge of making this world a better place: analyzing the chivalrous quality of the quixoteism motive
- 36 Downloads
Quixoteism is a motive that leads people to undertake challenging actions as an instrumental goal toward an ultimate goal of improving the welfare of the world. The present research tests whether the activation of a Quixoteism motive increases a person’s willingness to perform extraordinary helping behaviors. In Study 1 (N = 66), the centrality of values linked to Quixoteism (i.e., the Transcendent-Change Constellation, TCC) predicted actual commitment to help, but only when this behavior was challenging. In Study 2 (N = 175), the centrality of TCC measured one month earlier was associated with a preference for challenging helping behaviors, but only when the ultimate goal of Quixoteism was previously primed (i.e., awareness of worldwide problems). This is the first work to focus on analyzing the association between Quixoteism and behaviors that involve a challenging helping (chivalrous) action.
KeywordsChallenge Motives Prosocial behavior Quixoteism Transcendental change
We are grateful to the American Journal Experts for their assistance with the preparation of the English version.
This research has received financial support from a Spanish Education Ministry grant (PSI2014–53321-P) awarded to the second and third authors.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
- Batson, C. D. (2011). Altruism in Humans. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Bierhoff, H. W. (2002). Prosocial behaviour. Hove: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
- Blascovich, J., & Mendes, W. B. (2000). Challenge and threat appraisals. The role of affective cues. In J. P. Forgas (Ed.), Feeling and thinking. The role of affect in social cognition (pp. 59–82). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Cervantes, M. (1605/2004). El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha. Madrid: Real Academia Española y Asociación de Academias de la Lengua Española.Google Scholar
- Erdfelder, E., Faul, F., & Buchner, A. (1996). GPOWER: A general power analysis program. Behavior Research Methods, 28, 1–11.Google Scholar
- Kant, I. (1781). Crítica de la razón pura. Ed. 1978. Editorial Alfaguara.Google Scholar
- Lewin, K. (1951). Field theory in social science. New York, NY: Harper.Google Scholar
- Oceja, L.V., Salgado, S., & Carrera, P. (2018a). Do we really care for the world? Testing the link between transcendental change values and the quixoteism motive. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 1–13, online version.Google Scholar
- Oceja, L.V., Stocks, E., Heerdink, M., Villar, S., Salgado, S., Carrera, P., Arribas, M., Bargsted, M., Beramendi, M., Caballero, A., Espinosa, A., Escanés, G., Lima, L., Muñoz, D., Nájera, P., Pereira, S., Villegas, M., & Zubieta, E. (2018b). Revisiting the difference between instrumental and terminal values to predict (stimulating) prosocial behaviours: The transcendental-change profile. British Journal of Social Psychology, online version.Google Scholar
- Pérez-Delgado, E., Mestre, V., Frías, M.D. & Soler, M.J. (1996). El cuestionario de problemas sociomorales (DIT) de J. Rest. Manual. Valencia: Nau Llibres.Google Scholar
- Rest, J. (1979). Revised Manual for de Defining Issues Test. Minneapolis. Minnesota: University Press.Google Scholar
- Rokeach, M. (1973). The nature of human values. New York, USA: Free Press.Google Scholar
- Sandy, C., Gosling, S., Schwartz, S., & Koelkebeck, T. (2016). The development and validation of brief and ultrabrief measures of values. Journal of Personality Assessment, online version.Google Scholar
- Schwartz, S. H. (1992). Universals in the content and structure of values: Theoretical advances and empirical test in 20 countries. En M. P. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 25 (pp. 1–65). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Sorkin, A. (producer). (2012). The Newsroom [TV series]. USA: HBO.Google Scholar