Vulnerable and grandiose narcissism in adolescence: Associations with anger and hostility
- 7 Downloads
There is increasing consensus on the importance of distinguishing between grandiose and vulnerable subtypes of narcissism. Yet, little is known about these traits and their differential correlates in youth. Recent findings in adults suggest that narcissistic vulnerability, rather than grandiosity, is a critical determinant of internal aggression triggers, i.e. dispositional anger and hostility. The present study tests associations between grandiose and vulnerable narcissism and hostility and anger. Participants were high school pupils (n = 291, M age = 15.91) from Poland. As hypothesized, vulnerable narcissism (as compared to grandiose narcissism) was associated with higher levels of dispositional anger and hostility. These effects were independent of pupils’ level of self-esteem, but not of neuroticism. The current study contributes to the literature by illustrating differential correlates of vulnerable and grandiose narcissism in adolescents.
KeywordsGrandiose narcissism Vulnerable narcissism Anger Hostility Adolescents
This work was supported from a grant no 2017/25/NHS6/00552 awarded to the first author and funded by National Science Centre in Poland.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
- Allroggen, M., Rehmann, P., Schürch, E., Morf, C. C., & Kölch, M. (2018). The relationship between narcissism and personality traits of the five-factor-model in adolescents and young adults. Zeitschrift für Kinder-und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie, 46(6), 516–522.Google Scholar
- Barry, C. T., Kauten, R., & Lui, J. H. L. (2014). Self-perceptions of social support and empathy as potential moderators in the relation between adolescent narcissism and aggression. Individual Differences Research, 12, 170–179.Google Scholar
- Bazińska, R., & Drat-Ruszczak, K. (2000). Struktura narcyzmu w polskiej adaptacji kwestionariusza NPI Raskina i Halla. [the structure of narcissism measured with polish adaptation of Raskin and Hall NPI]. Czasopismo Psychologiczne, 6, 171–187.Google Scholar
- Compas, B. E., Watson, K. H., Reising, M. M., & Dunbar, J. P. (2013). Stress and coping: Transdiagnostic processes in child and adolescent psychopathology. In J. Ehrenrich-May & B. Chu (Eds.), Transdiagnostic mechanisms and treatment approaches of youth psychopathology. New York:Guilford.Google Scholar
- DeYoung, C. G., Quilty, L. C., Peterson, J. B., & Gray, J. R. (2014). Openness to experience, intellect, and cognitive ability. Journal of personality assessment, 96(1), 46–52.Google Scholar
- Dufner, M., Denissen, J. J. A., van Zalk, M., Matthes, B., Meeus, W. H. J., van Aken, M. A. G., & Sedikides, C. (2012). Positive intelligence illusions: On the relation between intellectual self-enhancement and psychological adjustment. Journal of Personality, 80, 537–571.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Dzwonkowska, I., Lachowicz-Tabaczek, K., Łaguna, M. (2008). Samoocena i jej pomiar. Skala samooceny SES M. Rosenberga. Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych PTP, Warszawa.Google Scholar
- Freis, S. D. (2018). The Distinctiveness Model of the Narcissistic Subtypes (DMNS): What Binds and Differentiates Grandiose and Vulnerable Narcissism. Hermann, A. D., Brunell, A. B., Foster, J. D. (red.). Handbook of Trait Narcissism: Key Advances, Research Methods, and Controversies. (s.37-46). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Harmon-Jones, E., & Harmon-Jones, C. (2016). Anger. In L. F. Barrett, M. Lewis, & J. Haviland-Jones (Eds.), Handbook of emotions (4th ed., pp. 774–791). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Kohut, H. (1972). Thoughts on narcissism and narcissistic rage. In R. S. Eissler, A. Freud, M. Kris, & A. J. Solnit (Eds.), The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child (Vol. 27, pp. 360–400). New York: Quadrangle Books.Google Scholar
- Luna, B. (2009). Developmental changes in cognitive control through adolescence. Advances in Child Development and Behavior, 37, 233–278.Google Scholar
- Maciantowicz, O., & Zajenkowski, M. (2018). Is narcissistic anger fueled by neuroticism? The relationship between grandiose and vulnerable narcissism, neuroticism, and trait anger. Current Psychology, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-018-9866-y.
- Miller, J. D., Lynam, D. R., Vize, C., Crowe, M., Sleep, C., Maples-Keller, J. L., Few, L. R., & Campbell, W. K. (2018). Vulnerable narcissism is (mostly) a disorder of neuroticism. Journal of Personality, 1467–1494.Google Scholar
- Morf, C. C., Schürch, E., Küfner, A., Siegrist, P., Vater, A., Back, M., Mestel, R., & Schröder-Abé, M. (2017). Expanding the nomological net of the pathological narcissism inventory: German validation and extension in a clinical inpatient sample. Assessment, 24, 419–443.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Muratori, P., Milone, A., Brovedani, P., Levantini, V., Melli, G., Pisano, S., ... & Masi, G. (2018). Narcissistic traits and self-esteem in children: Results from a community and a clinical sample of patients with oppositional defiant disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, 241, 275–281.Google Scholar
- National Center for Education Statistics (2002). National Post secondary Student Aid Study 1999–2000 (NPSAS:2000), CATI Nonresponse Bias Analysis Report (No.2002–03), Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- Plutchik, R. (1980). Emotion: A psychoevolutionary synthesis. New York: John Wiley.Google Scholar
- Rogoza, R., Żemojtel-Piotrowska, M., Kwiatkowska, M. M., & Kwiatkowska, K. (2018). The bright, the dark, and the blue face of narcissism: The Spectrum of narcissism in its relations to the metatraits of personality, self-esteem, and the nomological network of shyness, loneliness, and empathy. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 343.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Schaffer, H. R. (2006). Key concepts in developmental psychology London: SAGE Publications Ltd.Google Scholar
- Strus, W., Cieciuch, J., & Rowiński, T. (2014). Polska adaptacja kwestionariusza IPIP-BFM-50 do pomiaru pięciu cech osobowości w ujęciu leksykalnym [Polish adaptation of IPIP-BFM-50 measuring five personality traits in a lexical approach]. Roczniki Psychologiczne, 17, 327–346.Google Scholar
- Thomaes, S., & Brummelman, E. (2016). Narcissism. In D. Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology (Vol. 4, 3rd ed., pp. 679–725). Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Thomaes, S., & Bushman, B. J. (2011). Mirror, mirror, on the wall, who’s the most aggressive of them all? Narcissism, self-esteem, and aggression. In P. R. Shaver & M. Mikulincer (Eds.), Human aggression and violence: Causes, manifestations, and consequences, 203–219.Google Scholar
- Zajenkowski, M., & Szymaniak, K. (2019). Narcissism between facets and domains. The relationships between two types of narcissism and aspects of the Big Five. Current Psychology, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-0147-1.
- Zajenkowski, M., & Zajenkowska, A. (2015). Intelligence and aggression: The role of cognitive control and test related stress. Personality and Individual Differences, 81, 23-28.Google Scholar