Personality Promotion: The Impact of Coaching and Behavioral Activation on Facet Level Personality Change and Health Outcomes

  • Amber R. Massey-AbernathyEmail author
  • Dallas N. Robinson


The expectancy-value theory (EVT) and the control theory both provide a framework for explaining how personality facets might be impacted. In two pilot studies, (bottoms-up interventions) were used to determine if facets of personality could change. Study one examined the impact of brief Behavioral Activation training on facets of Conscientiousness. Study two examined the impact of instructional feedback and monitoring (coaching) on facets relating to the big five personality traits. Findings showed a 5-week Behavioral Activation training increased both logical thinking and preparedness (facets of conscientiousness). Additionally, 12-weeks of coaching lead to changes in four of the big five personality traits. In both studies, these behavioral changes were significantly related to changes in emotional well-being and physical health perceptions.


Personality change Conscientiousness Behavioral activation Coaching Health 


Author Contributions

All authors made equal contributions to all aspects of the study.

Funding Information

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.


The datasets generated during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

Ethical Statement

All of the research described in the paper was conducted in accordance with APA’s guidelines for the ethical treatment of human participants, and was reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board of Missouri State University. Informed consent was signed by all participants as per IRB protocol.

Supplementary material

12144_2019_530_MOESM1_ESM.docx (13 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 12 kb)


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyMissouri State UniversitySpringfieldUSA

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