Associations between popularity and aggression in Turkish early adolescents

  • Yasemin YavuzerEmail author
  • Zeynep Karataş


The purpose of this study was to determine both the linear and the curvilinear relationships amongst perceived and sociometric popularity and aggression in early adolescence. The study sample consisted of 423 volunteer students who were chosen through random sampling from 8th grade students who were attending 19 elementary schools in Turkey. Before examining the study hypotheses, gender differences in aggression, perceived and sociometric popularity were examined. The study findings revealed that boys’ physical, verbal and indirect aggression and anger scores were higher compared to girls. There was no significant gender difference in sociometric and perceived popularity. In addition, aggression scores of boys and girls had a negative linear effect on sociometric popularity, whereas they had a positive linear effect on perceived popularity. Curvilinear relationships showed that girls were more preferred by their peers when their anger scores were low and high, but their level of perceived popularity was slightly reduced at higher levels of physical and verbal aggression. Curvilinear relationships revealed that boys were preferred less at lower levels of verbal aggression. The curvilinear effect of aggression on perceived popularity was not statistically significant for boys.


Perceived popularity Sociometric popularity Aggression Early adolescents 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflict of Interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Education, Department of Guidance & Psychological CounsellingNigde Ömer Halisdemir UniversityNigdeTurkey
  2. 2.Guidance & Psychological CounsellingBurdur Mehmet Akif Ersoy UniversityBurdurTurkey

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