Evaluation of the “Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test” with Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) adolescents: A pilot study
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Traditionally, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been investigated through the lens of borderline personality disorder. The present study tried to overcome such a limitation, considering new criteria suggested by the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Specifically, the aim of the current study was to compare the performance of a clinical sample of adolescent inpatients who engage in self-injurious acts with healthy controls on an emotion recognition task. Results showed that adolescents with NSSI scored worse than healthy controls on the recognition of both positive and negative emotions, as well as on the entire task. Conversely, no differences between the two groups were found when they had to discriminate between neutral facial expressions. Theoretical and clinical implications were discussed.
KeywordsNon-suicidal self-injury Theory of mind Self-injuring behavior Adolescent inpatients Suicidal ideation
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interests
On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants and their parents included in the study.
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