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Evaluation of the “Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test” with Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) adolescents: A pilot study

  • Fiorenzo LaghiEmail author
  • Rita Cerutti
  • Arianna Terrinoni
  • Antonia Lonigro
  • Annarita Pongetti
  • Mauro Ferrara
  • Fiorella Fantini
Article
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Abstract

Traditionally, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been investigated through the lens of borderline personality disorder. The present study tried to overcome such a limitation, considering new criteria suggested by the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Specifically, the aim of the current study was to compare the performance of a clinical sample of adolescent inpatients who engage in self-injurious acts with healthy controls on an emotion recognition task. Results showed that adolescents with NSSI scored worse than healthy controls on the recognition of both positive and negative emotions, as well as on the entire task. Conversely, no differences between the two groups were found when they had to discriminate between neutral facial expressions. Theoretical and clinical implications were discussed.

Keywords

Non-suicidal self-injury Theory of mind Self-injuring behavior Adolescent inpatients Suicidal ideation 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interests

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants and their parents included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Developmental and Social and Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, SapienzaUniversity of RomeRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, SapienzaUniversity of RomeRomeItaly
  3. 3.Department of Pediatrics and Child and Adolescent Neurology and Psychiatry SapienzaUniversity of RomeRomeItaly
  4. 4.Department of Human Sciences, Faculty of PsychologyUniversità Europea di RomaRomeItaly

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