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Personality traits as predictors of reading comprehension and metacomprehension accuracy

  • Lin-Miao L. AglerEmail author
  • Kenji Noguchi
  • Larisa K. Alfsen
Article
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

Personality is an aspect of individual differences that contribute to one’s confidence and self-esteem, which can then impact on learning achievement such as reading ability as well as self-assessments of reading comprehension (i.e., metacomprehension). The present study investigated the role of individual differences on the Big Five personality in predicting reading comprehension and metacomprehension accuracy before and after a test. Personality traits were found to uniquely relate to reading comprehension, self-assessed confidence in comprehension, and metacomprehension accuracy. Openness to Experience positively correlated with all measures of confidence assessments on reading comprehension but failed to correlate to actual reading performance, indicating that participants were overconfident in their ability to perform. Extraversion negatively correlated with self-evaluation of comprehension performance and did not predict actual comprehension performance. More findings and educational implications from these findings were discussed to address the potential impacts of personality traits on reading and metacomprehension skills.

Keywords

Reading Metacomprehension Calibration of comprehension Personality 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

The project was reviewed and approved by The University of Southern Mississippi Institutional Review Board.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of PsychologyUniversity of Southern Mississippi Gulf CoastLong BeachUSA

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