Associations between social support, career self-efficacy, and career indecision among youth

  • Liridona Jemini-Gashi
  • Zamira Hyseni DurakuEmail author
  • Kaltrina Kelmendi


Previous research suggests that social support affects both career self-efficacy and career decision-making status. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between social support and career indecision and the role that career self-efficacy plays in this relationship. A series of validated measures assessing social support, career self-efficacy, and career indecision were administrated to 700 Kosovar youth (mean age = 18.1 years, 57% women and 42.9% men). The findings revealed that social support was significantly negatively correlated with career indecision. The study results also indicated that social support was indirectly correlated with career indecision, as career self-efficacy played a mediating role in this relationship. The findings provide useful insight into the links between social support, career self-efficacy, and career decision making. Therefore, these results provide a foundation for the development of interventions for adolescents.


Career self-efficacy Social support Career indecision Adolescents 



L.J.G conceived of the presented idea. L.J.G, Z.H.D and K.K developed further the idea, conducted the research, analyzed the data and wrote the manuscript. L.J.G supervised the findings and the overall work. All authors discussed the results and contributed to the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Ethical Approval

All procedures in the study were performed in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all participants included in the study.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Prishtina Hasan PrishtinaPrishtinëKosovo

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