Is grit worth the investment? How grit compares to other psychosocial factors in predicting achievement

  • Dante D. DixsonEmail author


In this study, I examined the internal consistency and structural validity of scores on the Short Grit scale, Academic Self-Concept scale, and Engagement scale in a sample of 1154 urban adolescent high school students. I also assessed how much of GPA’s variance is explained by grit, academic self-concept, and educational engagement. Results suggested that the scores on all three scales were structurally sound and internally consistent. However, grit and engagement explained considerably less of GPA’s variance in this urban sample than academic self-concept. Therefore, this study’s findings indicate that school improvement and intervention programs might be more effective if they are focused on increasing more established psychosocial factors like academic self-concept rather than grit.


Academic achievement Psychosocial factors Grit Academic self-concept 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School Psychology, Department of Counseling, Educational Psychology, and Special Education, College of EducationMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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