The adaptation of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire – psychometric properties in a polish sample

  • Marta Malesza


The Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) contains three scales which assess emotional, external and restrained eating styles that may contribute to or attenuate the development of overweight. The main goal of this study was to adapt and investigate the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the DEBQ. A sample of 785 Polish adults answered the questionnaire. Confirmatory Factor Analyses were used to evaluate the factor structure of the DEBQ. Next, the measurement invariance of the DEBQ across gender and BMI-status was assessed. Reliabilities were estimated with Cronbach’s alpha and 4-week retest. Additionally, the convergent validity of the DEBQ was examined with the Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT-26), assessing individuals’ attitudes towards eating behaviours and eating disorders. The results showed that the internal structure was similar to the theoretical proposal. It indicated that the three-factor structure had the best fit to the data, and this dimensional structure proved to be invariant across sex and BMI-status. The reliability estimates were satisfactory (all ≥ .70). Finally, convergent validity of the DEBQ was supported by significant relationships of its subscales to measures of the EAT-26. The DEBQ presented high cross-language replicability and seems to be an effective instrument for research in Polish adults.


Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire DEBQ Polish adaptation Reliability Validity 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Author Marta Malesza declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all participants.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marta Malesza
    • 1
  1. 1.WarsawPoland

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