The impact of perceived organizational support on the relationship between job stress and burnout: a mediating or moderating role?
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Compared to social support, organizational support in the job stress–burnout relationship has received little attention. Drawing on perceived organizational support (POS) theory and the notion of support as a stress buffer, this study examines the mediating and moderating effects of POS on the relationships between job stress and the three components of burnout (exhaustion, cynicism, and inefficacy) using a sample of 351 teachers in China. We found that job stress had significant main effects and indirect effects via POS on exhaustion and inefficacy, but not cynicism. The hypotheses of POS moderating effects of job stress on the three components of burnout were not supported. Moreover, job stress had a stronger effect on exhaustion among head teachers compared to non-head teachers and a stronger effect on inefficacy among non-head teachers. Exhaustion predicted cynicism, which predicted inefficacy. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.
KeywordsJob stress POS Exhaustion Cynicism Inefficacy
This study was funded by The Lingnan Normal University Special Project for Talents (grant numberZW1803).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Author Zhihua Xu has received grant from Lingnan Normal University Special Project for Talents (grant number ZW1803). Author Fu Yang declares that he has no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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