Relationship between symptoms of menopause and personality traits in Polish perimenopausal women: A correlation study

  • Małgorzata WłodarczykEmail author


The aim of this study was to elucidate the relationship between menopausal symptoms and personality traits. 212 Polish women were administered the Big Five Factor personal inventory. Participants also completed the Polish version of the Menopause Symptom List. I found that personality traits correlated with symptoms of menopause. Neuroticism showed the strongest correlation with the frequency of psychological symptoms of menopause (r = .46, p = .000) and their intensity (r = .45, p = .000). The remaining personality traits demonstrated a negative correlation with menopausal symptoms. No correlation was found between openness to experience and the frequency of vasomotor (r = −.07, p = .268) and somatic (r = −.12, p = .059) symptoms, as well as intensity of vasomotor symptoms of menopause (r = −.10, p = .144). Openness to experience did not differentiate the sample in the frequency of experienced vasomotor symptoms of menopause (p = 0.205). Neuroticism was a significant predictor of the frequency of psychological (β = .486, p = .000), vasomotor (β = .342, p = .000) and somatic (β = .366, p = .000) symptoms, as well as intensity of psychological (β = .470, p = .000), vasomotor (β = .250, p = .008) and somatic (β = .287, p = .001) symptoms of menopause. This study provides further data on the association between menopausal symptoms and personality traits. Neuroticism is shown to be a significant predictor of the frequency and intensity of psychological, vasomotor and somatic symptoms of menopause.


Personality traits Menopausal symptoms Menopause Perimenopause 



This study was part of a research project on the sense of quality of health in perimenopausal women. The project was funded by grant no. 0420/2400/17. The author was under no pressure from any stakeholders in the course of the study or while processing the results.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1969 Helsinski declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflict of Interest

The author declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and publication of this article.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of PsychologyUniversity of WrocławWrocławPoland

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