Attachments, dispositional mindfulness, and psychological distress: A mediation analysis

  • Xinjie Chen
  • Jinbo HeEmail author
  • Xitao Fan
  • Zhihui Cai


This study investigated the relationship among parent and peer attachments, dispositional mindfulness, and psychological distress, and tested the mediating role of dispositional mindfulness between attachments and psychological distress. A sample of 938 Chinese secondary school students participated in the study. Results showed that: (a) both attachments and dispositional mindfulness were negatively associated with psychological distress; (b) dispositional mindfulness could partially mediate the relations between attachments and psychological distress; (c) the mediation effect from parent attachment through mindfulness to psychological distress was stronger than that from peer attachment. The results suggest that attachment, especially parent attachment, is helpful in enhancing students’ dispositional mindfulness, which in turn reduces psychological distress in secondary school students. Some implications about how to enhance attachment and reduce psychological distress through mindfulness were discussed.


Attachment Mindfulness Psychological distress Chinese students Secondary school 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of Interest

No conflicts of interest among authors.

Ethnic Approval

This study was approved by the ethnical department from the university of the first author.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Education, University of MacauMacauChina
  2. 2.School of Education, Stanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  3. 3.Educational Science Research InstituteHunan UniversityChangshaChina
  4. 4.School of Humanities & Social ScienceChinese University of Hong Kong (Shenzhen)ShenzhenChina
  5. 5.School of PsychologyCentral China Normal UniversityWuhanChina

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