Current Psychology

, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 589–598 | Cite as

Be creative as proactive? The impact of creative self-efficacy on employee creativity: A proactive perspective

  • Yanhong ChenEmail author
  • Li Zhang


We develop and test a theoretical model of moderated mediation in which feedback-seeking behavior serves as an intervening mechanism that explains the association between creative self-efficacy and employee creativity. We also consider how regulatory focus influences the intervening role of feedback-seeking behavior in the creative self-efficacy-employee creativity relationship. To test our hypotheses, we conducted a Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) with 331 subordinate–supervisor dyads from northeast China. In support of our hypotheses, feedback-seeking behavior mediated the relation between creative self-efficacy and individual creativity, and this mediation effect was moderated by promotion focus. We discuss implications of the study and offer suggestions for future research.


Creative self-efficacy Feedback-seeking behavior Employee creativity Regulatory focus 



This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71472054).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Animal Studies

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017
corrected publication January/2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ManagementHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbin CityChina
  2. 2.School of Business EnglishMudanjiang Normal UniversityMudanjiangChina

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