Effects of SOA and Age on the Inhibition of Return in a Localization Task
The objective of this research was to study attentional tendencies, specifically the effect of inhibition of return (IOR), comparing a sample of young adults (N = 72) and elderly (N = 74). A task of attention discrimination was used in combination with SOAs (Stimulus Onset Asynchrony) of 300, 750,100 and 1500 ms are used. The results showed that both groups obtained higher reaction times (RT) for the cued assays than the uncued, these data indicated the existence of an IOR effect. In addition, the young adults continued a course of constant decrease in their RT as the SOA increases, however, the older ones also followed a decrease in their RT until reaching the SOA of 1500 ms in which they experienced a significant increase. The observed difference between groups in the 1500 ms SOA indicated that older adults have an IOR effect on long SOAs greater and more durable IOR effect than younger.
KeywordsIOR Aging Young Older RT
Compliance with Ethical Standards
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
Declaration of Conflicting Interests
The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship or the publication of this article.
- Chica, A. B., & Lupiáñez, J. (2004). Inhibición de retorno sin retorno de la atención. Psicothema, 16, 248–254.Google Scholar
- Hasher, L., Lustig, C., & Zacks, R. T. (2007). Inhibitory mechanisms and the control of attention. In A. Conway, C. Jarrold, M. Kane, A. Miyake, & J. Towse (Eds.), Variation in working memory (pp. 227–249). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Kaur, G. P., & Singh, R. (2014). Inhibition of return and ageing: An overview. Indian Journal of Health and Wellbeing, 5, 1087–1090.Google Scholar
- Klein, R. M., & Taylor, T. L. (1994). Categories of cognitive Inhibition with reference to attention. In D. Dagenbach & T. H. Carr (Eds.), Inhibitory processes in attention, memory, and lenguage (pp. 113–150). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Langley, L. K., Fuentes, L. J., Hochhalter, A. K., Brandt, J., & Overmier, J. B. (2001). Inhibition of return in aging and Alzheimer’s disease: Performance as a function of task demands and stimulus timing. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 23, 431–446. https://doi.org/10.1076/jcen.23.4.431.1235.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Poliakoff, E., Coward, R. S., Lowe, C., & O’Boyle, D. J. (2007). The effect of age on inhibition of return is independent of non-ocular response inhibition. Neuropsychologia, 45, 387–396. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2006.06.012.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Posner, M. I., & Cohen, Y. (1984). Components of visual orienting. In H. Bouma & D. Bouwhuis (Eds.), Attention and performance (Vol. X, pp. 531–556). Hillsade: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- 4Verhaeghen, P. (2011). Aging and executive control: Reports of a demise greatly exaggerated. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20, 174–180. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721411408772.
- Wu, C., Dagg, P., Ward, C., & Crawford, M. (2011). Inhibition of return in older adults with schizophrenia: Does age matter? Aging and Society: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 1, 49–60.Google Scholar