Current Psychology

, Volume 38, Issue 5, pp 1318–1327 | Cite as

Spiritual Intelligence Scale--Chinese Form: Construction and Initial Validation

  • Ming Feng
  • Xue-yuan XiongEmail author
  • Jin-jing Li


To understand variation in spiritual intelligence with a culture, this paper develops a Spiritual Intelligence Scale in China context using a three-stage sorting process based on interviews and a survey (N = 50) in Study 1. In Study 2, the preliminary study validated the scale using rigorous methods, and a three-factor model of Chinese Spiritual Intelligence (N = 605) is obtained. The results indicate that spiritual intelligence in China is composed of the Identification of Meaning, the Connection of Meaning and the Realization of Meaning. Certainly, there are similarities and differences between this study and Western research. Although the internal consistency reliability was good for Identification and Connection, further improvement for Realization is still required. The three-factor model was better than the alternative models. This research supplements research on spiritual intelligence in different cultures and contributes to research on the Chinese spiritual world.


Spiritual intelligence Spirituality Spiritual quotient Meaning of life 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

12144_2017_9678_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (90 kb)
ESM 1 (XLSX 89 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Economics and Business AdministrationChongqing UniversityChongqingChina

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