Current Psychology

, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 556–562 | Cite as

Shyness and Loneliness: Contributions of Emotional Intelligence and Social Support

  • Jingjing ZhaoEmail author
  • Mengge Tan
  • Li Gao
  • Yonghui WangEmail author


The present study examined both the mediation effects of emotional intelligence and social support on the relationship between shyness and loneliness in a sample of Chinese college students. Four hundred and ninety-seven college students, ranging in age from 19 to 23, completed the Cheek and Buss Shyness Scale, the Wong and Law Emotional Intelligence scale, the Multi-dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and the Emotional and Social Loneliness Scale. Structural equation modeling showed that social support partially mediated the relationship between shyness and loneliness. The final model also revealed a significant path from shyness through emotional intelligence and social support to loneliness. Furthermore, through a multiple-group analysis, the results indicated that the paths did not differ across sexes at the statistic level, providing preparatory support to its robustness. The results are discussed in terms of the conceptional context.


Shyness Emotional intelligence Social support Loneliness 



This study was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (GK201703089) to Jingjing Zhao.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

The principals guiding the data collection were reviewed by the ethical committee at Shaanxi Normal University and no objections were raised.

Research Involving Human Participants and Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of PsychologyShaanxi Normal UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Shaanxi ProvincialKey Laboratory of Behavior & Cognitive NeuroscienceXi’anChina
  3. 3.Faculty of ScienceEngineering University of the Chinese People’s Armed Police ForceXi’anChina

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